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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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ARTICLES OF CONFERDERATION
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
1. ESTABLISHED THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
2. DECLARE WAR
3. RAISE AN ARMY
4. MAKE TREATIES
5. BORROW MONEY
6. CREATE A POSTAL SYSTEM
7. CONDUCT BUSINESS WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES AND NATIVE AMERICANS
.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
WEAKNESSES
1. NO POWER TO ENFORCE LAWS
2. COULDN'T COLLECT TAXES FROM STATES TO FINANCE WARS
3. THERE WAS NO FEDERAL SYSTEM, SO THEY COULDN'T RESOLVE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STATES
,
RHODE ISLAND--

1. THEY DID NOT SEND A DELEGATE TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION.

2. IT'S STATE LEADERS DID NOT WANT TO CREATE A STRONGER CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
.
"FOUNDING FATHERS"--

55 MEN (DELEGATES) ATTENDED ONE OR MORE SESSIONS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION FROM MAY TO SEPT. THESE FOUNDING FATHERS INCLUDED MANY OF THE MOST POLITICAL LEADERS (BEN FRANKLIN, GEORGE WASHINGTON, JAMES MADISON, ETC
,
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION

WHEN: MAY 14, 1787 TO SEPTEMBER

WHERE: PHILADELPHIA

PRESIDENT: GEORGE WASHINGTON
.
NORTHWEST TERRITORY
1. WISCONSIN
2. MICHIGAN
3. ILLINOIS
4. INDIANA
5. OHIO
(WAS DIVIDED INTO TOWNSHIPS, EACH WITH 36 SECTIONS)
.
DANIEL SHAYS--

FORMER CONTINENTIAL ARMY CAPTAIN, FARMERS ATTACKED AND CLOSED THE COURTS IN TWO MASSACHUSETTS COUNTIES, STOPPING LAND CONFISCATIONS, HE LED MORE THAN 1000 FARMERS AGAINST THE SPRINGFIELD ARSENAL
.
BEN FRANKLIN-- 81 YEAR OLD DELEGATE, OLDEST, SUFFERED FROM POOR HEALTH, COULD NOT ATTEND CONVENTION REGULARY, INVENTOR OF EYEGASSES, WRITER, AMBASSADOR TO FRANCE, PRINTER, SCIENTIST
.
PATRICK HENRY--HAD BEEN SELECTED AS A DELEGATE FROM VIRGINIA, HE DID NOT GO TO CONVENTION, HE REFUSED TO GO. HE FEARED THE MOVE OF A STRONG GOVERNMENT AND WANTED NO PART. HE SAID "HE SMELLED A RAT IN PHILADELPHIA, TENDING TOWARD MONARCHY"
.
NORTHWEST ORDINANCE--PASSED IN 1787, MADE PROVISIONS FOR GOVERNING THE NEW TERRITORY (NORTHWEST TERRITORY) IT STATED THAT NO LESS THAN 3 AND NO MORE THAN 5 TERRITORIES COULD BE CARVED OUT OF THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY
.
WILLIAM PETERSON--

FROM NEW JERSEY, EXCLAIMED THAT HIS STATE WOULD RATHER SUMIT TO A MONARCHY THAN SUCH A STATE
/
LAND ORDININCES OF 1785--

THIS LAW PROVIDED MORE ORDERLY METHOD FOR SETTLING NORTH AT OHIO RIVER
.
NEW JERSEY PLAN--

EVERY STATE NORTH OF MANY LANDS PASSED A LAW TO FREE ENSLAVED AFRICAN AMERICANS
.
MARYLAND 1804

STATE A STATE WOULD HOLD LEGISLATIVE PLAN
,
ARTICLES APPROVED

THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION WERE APPROVED IN ABOUT 4 YEARS
,
COLONIAL CHARTERS (REPLACED)

IN MAY OF 1776, CONGRESS URGED THE COLONIES TO REPLACE THEIR COLONIAL CHARTERS WITH CONSTITUTIONS
/
MAGNA CARTA--

THE IDEA OF LIMITED THE POWER OF A RULER WAS TAKEN FROM THE MAGMA CARTA WHICH WAS FROM ENGLAND
,
JOHN LOCKE--

HE WROTE THAT THE PEOPLE HAVE NATURAL RIGHTS OF LIFE, LIBERY AND PROPERTY
.
FEDERALIST (PEOPLE INVOLVED)--

FAVORED THE CONSTITUTION AND A STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT. PEOPLE INVOLVED JAMES MADISON, JOHN JAY ALEX
,
ANTI-FEDERALIST (PEOPLE INVOLVED)

FAVORED THE CONSTITUION TO REPLACE THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, INCLUDED JOHN HANCOCK, SAM ADAMS, PATRICK HENRY
,
ARTICLES VS US CONSTITUTION
1.DECLARE WAR 1. DECLARE WAR
2.COIN MONEY 2. COIN MONEY
3.FOREIGN AFFAIRS 3. FOREIGN AFFAIRS
4.POSTAL SYSTEM 4. POSTAL SYSTEM

THESE WERE THE SAME
.
THE US CONSTITUTION DID THIS AND NOT THE ARTICLES
1. IMPOSE TAXES
2. REGULATE TRADE
3. ORGANIZE A COURT SYSTEM
4. CALL STATE MILITIA FOR SERVICE
5. PROTECT COPYRIGHTS
6. TAKE ACTIONS TO RUN THE FED GOV
/
THE US CONSTITUTION DID THIS AND NOT THE ARTICLES
1. IMPOSE TAXES
2. REGULATE TRADE
3. ORGANIZE A COURT SYSTEM
4. CALL STATE MILITIA FOR SERVICE
5. PROTECT COPYRIGHTS
6. TAKE ACTIONS TO RUN THE FED GOV
/
VIRGINA PLAN

PRESENTED BY EDMUND RANDOLPH, MORE FORCEFUL THAN MADISON. CALLED FOR STRONG NATIONAL GOV WITH 3 BRANCES, LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIAL BRANCH--ALSO CALLED FOR A 2 HOUSE LEGISLATURE
.