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5 Cards in this Set

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What is attribution
Attribution is the process of explaining the causes of behaviour. When we observe the behaviour of others, we naturally try to work out the cause of their actions.
What are internal and external attributions (provide examples as well)
An internal attribution is when we believe the cause of someones behaviour as
something to do with their personality or disposition. For example, a person who is
constantly late for class, we might say they are poor at time keeping or disorganised.
An external attribution is when we explain a persons behaviour as being due to the
situation they are in or their environment. For example, if a person is late for class we
may think the school bus was late.
What are three sentences you can make about the fundamental attribution theory?
The FAE is a mistake that people often make. This is the tendency we have to attribute a persons behaviour to internal (dispositional) rather than external causes.
For example, if we see someone fall over in the street, we are more likely to think its because they are clumsy, rather than because there was a loose paving stone.
Describe with examples Kelley's covariation theory
Kelley (1967) proposed that attributions are a result of a covariation of three fact ors. The first in consistency, whereby we judge whether the person behaves in that way all of the time
(i.e. are they consistent in their behaviour ) . The second is distinctiveness, where we consider the extent to which the persons behaviour is unique. Finally consensus, is where we judge the extent to which other people behave in that way in similar situations. Kelley predicted that we are more likely to make internal attributions when consistency is high, and consensus and distinctiveness are low.
What assumption is the attribution theory based on?
One assumption of the cognitive approach is that behaviour can be explained by cognitions i.e. mental processes. Attribution theory relates to this assumption because it explains behaviour in terms of mental processes.