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33 Cards in this Set

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pectineus
proximal: superior ramus of pubis

distal: pectineal line of femur, just inferior to lesser trochanter
psoas major
proximal: sides of T12-L5 vertebrae and discs between them; transverse processes of all lumbar vertebrae.

distal: lesser trochanter of femur
psoas minor
proximal: sides of T12-L5 vertebrae and intervertebral discs

distal: pectineal line, iliopectineal eminence via iliopectineal arch
iliacus
proximal: illiac crest, iliac fossa, sacrum and anterior sacroiliac ligaments

distal: tendon of psoas major, lesser trochanter and femur
sartorius
proximal: anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)

distal: superior part of medial surface of tibia
rectus femoris
proximal: anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)

distal: via quadriceps tendon to patella, then indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.
vastus lateralis
proximal: greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femus

distal: via quadriceps tendon to patella, then indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.Attach to tibia and patella via lateral patellar retinacula.
vastus medialis
proximal: intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera of femur

distal: via quadriceps tendon to patella, then indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity. Attach to tibia via medial patellar retinacula
vastus intermedius
proximal: anterior and lateral surfaces of shaft of femur

distal: via quadriceps tendon to patella, then indirectly via patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.
adductor longus
proximal: body of pubis inferior to pubic crest

distal: middle third of linea aspera
adductor brevis
proximal: body and inferior ramus of pubis

distal: pectineal line and proximal part of linea aspera
adductor magnus
proximal: Adductor part - inferior ramus of pubis, ramus of ischium. Hamstrings part - ischial tuberosity.

distal: Adductor part - gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera, medial supracondylar line. Hamstrings part - adductor tubercle of femur.
Gracilis
Proximal: body and inferior ramus of pubis

distal: superior part of medial surface of tibia
Obturator externus
proximal: margins of obturator foramen and obturator membrane

distal: trochanteric fossa of femur.
Gluteus maximus
proximal: ilium posterior to posterior gluteal line; dorsal surface of sacrum ad coccyx, sacrotuberous ligament.

distal: iliotibial tract, which inserts into lateral condyle of tibia
Gluteus medius
proximal: external surface of ilium between anterior and posterior gluteal lines

distal: lateral surface of greater trochanter of femur
Gluteus minimus
proximal: external surface of ilium between anterior and inferior gluteal lines.

distal: anterior surface of greater trochanter of femur.
tensor of fascia lata
proximal: anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)

distal: iliotibial tract, which attaches to lateral condyle of femur.
piriformis
proximal: anterior surface of sacrum, sacrotuberous ligament

distal: superior border of greater trochanter
obturator internus
proximal: pelvic surface of obturator membrane and surrounding bones.

distal: trochanteric fossa (medial surface of greater trochanter)
superior and inferior gemelli
Proximal: Superior - ischial spine. Inferior: ischial tuberosity.

distal: trochanteric fossa (medial surface of greater trochanter)
quadratus femoris
proximal: pateral border of ischial tuberosity.

distal: quadrate tubercle of intertrochanteric crest of femur.
tibialis anterior
proximal: lateral condyle and superior half of lateral surface of tibia and interosseous membrane

distal: medial and inferior surface of medial cuneiform and base of 1st metatarsal.
extensor digitorum longus
proximal: lateral condyle of tibia and superior 3/4 of medial surface of fibula and interosseous membrane

distal: middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits.
extensor hallucis longus
proximal: middle part of anterior surface of fibular and interosseous membrane.

distal: dorsal aspect of base of distal phalanx of great toe
fibularis tertius
proximal: inferior third of anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane

distal: dorsum of base of 5th metatarsal.
gastroscnemius
Proximal:
Lateral head - lateral condyle of femur.
Medial head - popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle.

distal: posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
soleus
proximal: posterior aspect of head and superior 1/4 of posterior surface of fibula, soleal line ad middle third of medial border of tibia

distal: posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
plantaris
proximal: inferior end of lateral supracondylar line of femur, oblique popliteal ligament.

distal: posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
popliteus
proximal: lateral surface of lateral condyle of femur and lateral meniscus

distal: posterior surface of tibia
flexor hallucis longus
proximal: inferior 2/3 of posterior surface of fibular, interosseous memrbane

distal: base of distal phalanx of great toe
flexor digitorum longus
proximal: medial part of posterior surface of tibia

distal: bases of distal phalanges of lateral four digits
tibialis posterior
proximal: interosseous membrane, posterior surface of tibia, posterior surface of fibula

distal: tuberosity of navicular, cuneiform, cuboid and calcenus, bases of 2nd, 3rd and 4th metatarsals.