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83 Cards in this Set

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Etiology: Lateral fx, severe inversion and dorsiflextion; medial fx, inversion, plantar flexion; external rotation of tibia
Talus fracture
Etiology: Landing frmo a jump or fall.
Calcaneous Fracture
Etiology:Reptitive heel strike (normally in long distance runners). Sudden onset of pain in plantar calcaneal region
Calcaneal Stress Fracture
Etiology: Ca buildup at tendon attachment to calcaneous.
Calcaneal Apophysitis
Etiology: Pressure/rubbing og the heel; chronic inflammation and may develop exotoses.
Retrocalcaneal bursitis
Etiology: Stop/go response/ landing in long jump
Heel contusion
Etiology: Area behind the medial malleolus where the flexor retinaculum resides; any trauma to area
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Etiology: Pronation with trauma
Cuboid subluxation
Etiology: Medial longitudinal arch appears flat. Tight shoes, overweight, weakness of supporting musculature
Pes Planus
Etiology: medial longitudinal arch is higher than normal. Rigid foot
Pes Cavus
Etiology: Repeated contact with hard playing surface
Longitudinal arch strain
Etiology: Common problem in long distance runners; excessive tightness of Achilles tendon; inflexibility of longitudinal arch.
Plantar Fasciitis
Etiology: Fracture of 5th metatarsal; athlete is stepped on (usually by cleats); forceful contraction when jumping
Jones fracture
Etiology: Combination of lateral/medial plantar nerves; friction between toes often between 3rd and 4th toes.
Morton's Neuroma
Etiology: overuse; change in shoes/training surface
Stress Fracture or March Fracture
Etiology: Direct pressure, drop object on toe, kick object, repetitive shear forces on toenaikl
Subungual Hematoma
Etiology: Kicking non-yielding object, crushing
Toe sprains and fractures
Etiology: MTP joint sprain due to hyperextension of hallux
Turf toe
Etiology: Inflamed bursa becomes thickened
Hallux Valgus (bunion)
Grou p of muscles for where each muscle group is created.
Anterior, deep posterior, lateral, and superficial posterior
Compartment syndrom
Etiology: Kicked in lower leg; muscles swell and shut off venous returns; excessive exercise performed by out of shape people
Compartment syndrome
MOI: Dorsiflexion with eversion and inversion
Syndesmotic sprains "High ankle sprain"
MOI; Everted foot/feet, uneven surface; complication if joint remains unstable
Ankle sprains
MOI: plantar flexion, inversion or inversion alone
Lateral ankle aprains
MOI: Dosriflexion, eccentric contraction
Achilles Tendon Strain
Moi: Inversion ankle sprain
Peroneal tendon subluxation
Talus Fracture
Pain with weight bearing and point tender talar dome
Talus Fracture
Manage: X-ray, CT scan, immobilization with non-weight bearing
Fractured Calcaneous
s/s: immediate swelling, pain without deformity, unable to bear weight
Fractured Calcaneous
Manage: RICES, X-Rays, Boot
Calcaneal Stress Fracture
s/s: Painful after exercise; heel strike painful
Calcaneal Stress Fracture
Manage: Rest and AROM for 2-3 Wks, pool running
Calcaneal Apophysitis (Sever's disease)
s/s point tender on post calcaneous distal to tendon attachment; pain with activity
Calcaneal Apophysitis (Sever's disease)
Manage: RICES, stretching and NSAIDS, heel lifts
Retrocalcaeal Bursitis
s/s: point tenderness/ swelling around achilles insertion
Retrocalcaneal Bursitis
Manage: RICES, NSAIDS,stretching heel lifts, donut pad
Heel Contusion
s/s: severe pain, unable to stand weight bearing, warmth, redness, swelling
Heel contusion
Manage: RICE, heel cup, tape
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
s/s: pain, increased pain at night, muscle weakness and atrophy due to compression of the medial nerve
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Manage: Orthotics, surgery to relieve stress
Cuboid Subluxation
s/s Pain with palpation
Cuboid subluxation
manipulation, orthotic
Pes Planus
s/s: calcaneal evrsion, wekaness in pos. tibialis, pain at the bottom of foot
Pes Planus
Manage: asymptomatic: no treatment
Ortthotics or taping otherwise
Pes cavus
s/s: general foot pain, metatarsalgia, claw toes/hammer toes
Pes cavus
Manage: same as pes planus
Longitudinal Arch Strain
S/s: Pain with running/jumping; swelling and point tenderness on medial arch
Longitudinal Arch Strain
RICE/ARCH taping; reduced weight bearing
Plantar Fasciitis
s/s: extreme pain wiht 1st step in a.m.; worsens as the day contiunues, pain with weight bearing, point tenderness at medial side of calcaneal tubercle, pain incrased with dorsiflecion and toe extension
Plantar Fasciitis
Manage: Pain 8-12 wks, night splint, sretching, heel cups, steroid injections, RICE
Jones Fracture
s/s: Point tenderness, swelling, nonunion fraction often occurs
Jones Fracture
Manage: Crutches, some agree that no immbolization is needed, progress to full eight bearing and return to activity in 6 weeks, sometimes internal fixation
Mortons Neuroma
s/s: Hypermobile metatarsals; fallen arch, sharp burning pain with compression, relief with non-weight bearing (removal of shoes)
Mortons Nueroma
Manage: Bone scan, MRI, wide tow box for shoes, surgery
Stress Fx or March Fx
s/s: pain wiht compression/wt bearing
Stress Fx or March Fx
Manage: bone scan, partial weight bearing, 2 weeks, no running
Subungual Hematoma
S/s: accumulation of blood under nails, extreme pain, loss of nail
Subungual Hematoma
Manage: rice IMMEDIATELY, relieve pressure in 12-24 hours (lance/drill nail) make sure it is sterile so that an infection doesn't occur
Toe sprains/Fx
s/s: immediate intense pain popping, swelling discoloration, pain could last for several weeks
Toe sprains/Fx
Manage: RICE, X ray, buddy taping, crutches as needed
Turf Toe
s/s: Sign. pain/ swelling
Turf Toe
Manage:. Tape, othroplast, steel inserts, RICES
Hallux Valgus (bunion)
s/s obvious deformity, pain, inflammation, point tenderness
Hallux valgus (bunion)
Manage: take shoes off, widetoe, tape splint, exercises surgery
Compartment Syndromes
s/s: Extreme pain, muscle hard like bone
Compartment Syndrome
Manage: Acute: Hospital RICE
ANkle Sprains
s/s: fall to ground grasping ankle, extreme pain, possibleavulsion fx
Ankle sprains
Manage: RICES, x ray to rule out avulsion FX
`Lateral Ankle Sprains
s/s: Swelling not indication of severity of injury
First degree ATF Most common
Mod pain, point tenderness, mild swelling
Second degree ATF CF
Pop/snap, moderate pain
Thrid degree ATF, CF, PTF
Severe pain
Lateral Ankle Sprains - 1st degree
Manage: RICE <10 days
Lateral Ankles Sprains - 2nd degree
Manage: RICE Crutches Xray
Lateral Ankle Sprains - 3rd degree
Manage: RICES Xray cast
Achilles Tendon Strain
s/s: 1st and 2nd degree same as typical muscle strain; 3rd degree (achilles rupture) deformity, can't do heel raise
Achilles Tendon Strain
Manage: RICE, 1st and 2nd degree: tape for activity, heel lifts (more for 2nd degree), 3rd degree: surgery
Peroneal Tendon Subluxation
s/s: Popping, instability, deformity with eversion
Peroneal tendon subluxation
Manage: RICES, tape(?) surgery
Tendonitis Anterior Tibialis
Downhill running or uphill - constant contraction
Tendonitis posterior tibialis
Everted feet, uneven surface, constant stretch on tendon
Tendinitis Peroneal
Inverted feet, uneve sruface, constant stretch oin tendon (s)
Tendinitis Achilles
Uphill, uneven surface, tight gastrocnemi, places constant stretch on tendon