Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
initial lesion could be either
fatty streak or initimal cell mass
contains only smooth muscle cells and connective tissue;
intimal cell mass
fibrous athermoatous plaque
characteristic lesion
3 zones of fibrous athermatous plaque
fibrous cap
lipid
basal
location of fibrous cap
directly under endothelial tissue, next to lumen
consistency of fibrous cap
connective tissue - dense collagen
foam cells
scattered smooth muscle cells
description of lipid zone of FAP
atheroma, necrotic zone of lipid
foam cells
extracellular lipid and debris
consistency of basal zone of FAP
smooth muscle and connective tissue
complications of plaque
calcification
ulceration
vascularization
hemorrhage
aneurysms
frequency of lipid profile
6 months apart
3 types of arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis
Medial calcific
arteriolosclerosis
two types of arteriolosclerosis
hyaline
hyperplastic
disae of small arteries or arterioles with thickned vessels walls, lumen narrowing
arteriosclerosis
4 cell types in lesion
vascular endothelion
arterial smooth muscle
mononuclear phagocytes
lymphocytes/neutrophils
purpose of vacular endothelium
transports of lipid proteins (HDL, LDL)
purpose of smooth muscle
control of vascular wall
maintenance/repair
lpid metabolism
secrete cytokines
purpose of mononuclear phagocytes
uptake of LDL
secrete cytokines
purpose of lymphocyte/nuetrophils
respond to injury and infection
risk factors (controllable)
smoking
hyperlipidemia
hypertension
diabetes
risk factors (uncontrollable)
age
male
menopause
hypercholesterolemia
muscular artieres in systemic atherosclerosis
coronary
popliteal
lower extremities
consequence of large, medium muscular artieres with atherosclerosis
occulude lumen
distal organs non-functioning
consequence of elastic arteries with atherosclerosis
aneurysm
embolization
elastic arteries involved with atherosclerossi
aorta
iliac artery
carotid artery
possible initiating injuries to vascular endothelium
smoking,
viruses
infection
blood borne toxins
conversion of fatty streak to lesion by 3 growth factors by prolieration of smooth muscle
PDGF
fibroblastic
transforming grwoth alpha
predictable atheromatic locations
abdominal aorta
caronary artery
popliteal
desc. thoracic aorta
internal carotid
circle of willis
symptoms of atherosclerosis
claudication
impotence
weak distal pulse
bruit
coolness, clammy skin
ocular symptoms of atherosclerosis
amaurosis fugax
visual field loss
ocular signs of atherosclerosis
arterial reflex
copper wire
AV ratio change
arcus
xanthelama
artery/vein occlusion
treatment of atherosclerosis
removal of lipid (diet/exercise)
medical management