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14 Cards in this Set

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The defining characteristic of social work practice is?
A dual focus on person and environment.
Define crisis intervention.
Immediate, short-term treatment for an individual in crisis or extreme distress.
Define "crisis".
A disruption of a person's normal or stable state.
When in crisis, an individual usually manifests:
1.Emotional upset.
2.Biophysical upset.
3.Cognitive disturbance (disruption in problem-solving ability)
4.Behavioral changes.
Basic human needs are:
1.Physical supplies (air, food)
2.Personal identity.
3.A mutually supportive, close relationship with one other person.
4.Membership in one group that accepts us.
5.One or more roles that promotes self-respect and allows us to perform with dignity.
6.Financial security.
7.A system of meaning or set of values.
Crisis origins fall into these three categories:
1.Situational crises.
2.Maturational crises.
3.Cultural/socio-cultural crises.
Stages of crisis:
1.Hazardous event.
2.Vulnerable state.
3.Precipitating factor.
4.Active crisis state.
5.Reintegration.
General crisis assessment involves what steps?
1.Identifying precipitating factor.
2.Identifying clt's response to the crisis, including how much it's disrupted her life and the lives of significant others.
3.Evaluatig clt's strengths and past coping strategies and sources of external support.
4.Determining what resources I and my agency have to help them.
5.Identifying specific goals and targets of intervention.
What tasks are involved in crisis assessment? (Types of assessment)
1.Recent med/psych history.
2.Mental status exam.
3.Determining AoD factors.
4.Assessing suicidality.
5.Assessing clt's potential for posing a danger to others.
Difference between crisis treatment and long-term treatment:
In crisis treatment:
1.Clt's behavior is seen as an understandable, not a pathological response to a stressor or event.
2.A here and now orientation is used.
3.Treatment is time-limited.
4.You assume a highly active and directive role.
A treatment plan for a crisis must be what three things?
Realistic, time-limited, and concrete.
Crisis intervention goals:
1.Alleviate symptoms.
2.Discover what led to the crisis.
3.Identify and implement appropriate measures to remedy the crisis.
4.Help clt regain previous level of functioning.
5.Help clt develop adaptive coping strategies for now and future.
6.Help clt connect current situation to past life experiences.
General crisis techniques include:
1.Affective interventions
2.Cognitive interventions
3.Assigning behavioral tasks
4.Environmental manipulation
Specific crisis techniques include:
1.Sustainment (engendering catharsis, providing reassurance, and sympathetic listening)
2.Direct Influence
3.Person-Situation Reflection
4.Dynamic and Developmental Understanding