• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/12

Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Indus Valley: Urban center
- Mahenjo-daro
- based on trade
- supported by farming
- developed: paved streets, large public buildings, blocks of houses, fortifications, all made of fired mud bricks
Indus Valley: social hierarchy
- low city
v.
- high city- "citadel"
-- great bath- ritual bathing
-- granary- controlled by high class people, they can mobilize lower citizens
- house size varies,
Indus Valley: monumental architecture
- great bath- ritual bathing
- granary- stores grain and food
Indus Valley: writing- description, height, used for?
- carved clay seals (figure 1.4)
- 99% show animals: bison, bulls, unicorn, 3 headed animal?
- height: 1.5 inches
- not yet readable
- used for? stamps for trade, religious purposes
Indus Valley: metallurgy
- copper dancing girl
- differs from stone (male bust) and soil (ritual vessels)
Indus Valley: Great Bath
- development of high technology: built from laid bricks, used a drainage system
- part of the high city= evidence of social hierarchy; only elite use this bath
Indus Valley: Terra- cotta female figures (figure 1.3): description, size, exemplifies?
- exemplifies? mother g-ddess, female fertility
- ritual or religious symbol
Indus Valley: Carved Shiva Seal (figure 1.4b): description, exemplifies?
- three heads (1 frontal, 2 profile)
- wears a trident headdress
- yoga posture, meditating
- placed in the center; surrounded by animals
- exemplifies: a deity from Indus Valley civilization, prototype shiva (among Hindu deities), shaman or religious leader
Indus Valley: Male Bust (figure 1.5: material, design, exemplifies, significance?
- material: limestone
- trefoil design
- simple, abstract, geometric--> a mysterious, meditative mood
- exemplifies? high priest or priest king
- significance? one of the few limestone sculptures in the IV, the design is not found in the IV (found in Crete= EVIDENCE OF IMPORTATION
Indus Valley: Nude Male torso (figure 1.6: description, height, exemplifies?
- shape: twisted, movement
- height: 4-6 inches
- material: stone
- exemplifies? prototype of dancing Shiva (Shiva as Lord of the Dance)
Indus Valley Civilization dates
2500-1500 BCE
- metal age began around 2000 BCE accompanied by the development of urban centers
- Mohenjo- daro and Harrappa= ancient city-states
Indus Valley: artifacts recovered from Mohenjo-daro: pottery, carts, jewelry,
- funerary pottery pained in black (figure 1.1): reddish clay, geometric designs, connected to graves and funerary rituals
- miniature wheeled carts (figure 1.2): probably toys or offerings
- jewelery: belt of carnelian beads, bracelets, necklaces