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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
free state
a state that did not permit slavery

<-> slave state
slave state
a state that permitted slavery

<-> free state
Missouri Compromise
1) 1820

2) before it, there were 22 states in the Union (11 free, 11 slave). Missouri wanted to enter the Union as the 23rd state (a slave state). to keep the same number of slave and free states, Missouri entered the Union with Maine (a free state).
Mississippi Colonization Society
1831 formed

a group of Mississipians decided to support the American Colonization Society (formed in 1817) which wanted slaves to be freed and sent back to Africa to a place called Liberia in West Africa.
states' rights
the right of each state to make its own rules

<-> federal rights
a tax on imported goods to protect domestic products
Nullification Crisis

South Carolina challenged a federal tariff created in 1832, because it felt that state rights were more important than Federal rights
Compromise of 1850

problem = after Mexican War of 1846, U.S. acquired land but did not know if it should have slavery.

solution = California allowed into Union as a free state, and slavery in new western territories would be determined by popular sovereignty (a vote of the people living in those places)
Republican party
formed in 1854 to oppose the expansion of slavery
withdrawal of a state from the Union
the Louisiana Purchase

Pres. Thomas Jefferson bought a huge area of land west of the Mississippi River from France
importation of slaves into U.S. prohibited
a West African nation created for freed U.S. slaves to return back to Africa
John C. Calhoun
1) Vice Pres. Of the U.S. during the Nullification Crisis of 1833

2) wrote that a state could nullify a federal law (used to protect slavery)
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1) 1854

2) permitted people of Kansas to decide about slavery in that state. (Kansas at the time was a free state, so this created outrage.

3) led to the Border War (“Bleeding Kansas”) = a civil war in Kansas between pro-slavery and anti-slavery Kansas people
Emancipation Proclamation
1) 1862
2) Pres. Lincoln declared that on Jan. 1, 1863 all slaves only in the Confederacy (slaves in the Union were still not free)
Dred Scott decision
1) 1857
2) U.S. Supreme Court rule that slavery could not be barred from the tnew territories. The Republican Party (created in 1854 to oppose the expansion of slavery) refused to accept this
John Brown
in 1859 led a raid on a federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia to try and provoke a slave rebellion. It failed and he was captured.
Election of 1860
1) Lincoln won
2) candidates = Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, Stephen Douglas
Jefferson Davis
elected as President of the Confederacy
Confederate States of America
1) aka the Confederacy
2) Formed by: 1st group in Alabama in February 1861 (S. Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Texas)
2nd group = Virginia, N. Carolina, Tennessee, Arkansas (following attack of Fort Sumter)
3) 1st capital = Montgomery, 2nd capital = Richmond
Attack of Fort Sumter
1) April 1861
2) Fort Sumter located in harbor of Charleston, SC
3) Controlled by U.S. troops, but attacked by the Confederacy → start of Civil War
Battle of Vicksburg
1) 6-week siege which ended on July 4, 1863 fell to the Union’s Gen. Ulysses S. Grant

2) Occupied high ground, so it was very valuable strategically for controlling the Mississippi River
13th Ammendment to the U.S. Constitution
1) Dec 1865

2) abolished slavery