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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
goy
non-Jewish person
sitra achra
non-Jews, evil, the "other side"
iliu
genius
Hasidism/Hasidic
form of orthodox Judaism; "the pious ones" (developed in first half of 18th cen.)
Krias Shema
Daily Jewish prayer; recite "Hear O Israel" at night
Modeh Ani
begin Jewish day with this prayer of thanksgiving
Rebbe
leader of Hasidic community
Shabbos
Shabbat; day of rest, Sabbath. On Saturday
Yom Kippur
Day of Atonement; day of repentance. Most important holiday.
Succos
Feast of Tabernacle/Harvest Festival. Commemorates 40 years of wandering.
Hanukkah
Festival of Lights. 8-days to commemorate re-dedication and cleansing of temple; oil miracle.
Talmud
collected interpretations of the Torah. Commentary.
zemiros
Shabbat table songs. Grace before and after meals.
Yoh Ribbon Olom
Master of the World, God.
matzos
a crisp wheat flour and water dough. Bread for Passover
kaskett
Felt hat that Russian guy wears.
Rosh Hashonoh
Jewish New Year; anniversary of day Adam and Eve were created.
Pesach
Passover. Unleavened bread, cleansing, commemorate Exodus, final plague.
Purim
Joyous and fun holiday (from book of Esther).
mikveh
ritual bath used in purification.
tallis
poncho-like garment with tzitzit. Prayer shawl.
Chumash
The Torah; the five books of Moses. Pentateuch.
Kibud ov
"Honor your father" 10 commandments
Kosher
clean; food permitted to be eaten by Torah observant Jews
Mashpia
adult figure in a yeshiva who serves as a moral or spiritual guide for students
Mezuzah
Small container that contains scripture from Deu. Signifies the sanctity and blessing of Jewish home.
Modeh ani
prayer said upon waking in the morning. "I give thanks."
Shofar
Ram's horn. Instrument blown for religioius ceremony.
Skullcap
small cloth that observant Jewish men wear.
Teffilin
two small black boxes filled with scripture (the Shema) attached to head and arm each weekday morning.
Yeshiva
Jewish school. Emphasizes religious education, but also teaches secular subjects.
Yiddish/Yiddishkeit
dialect language, yiddish for Jewish. Mix between Hebrew, German and Slovic.