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37 Cards in this Set

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how to disinfectans break the chain of infection
they destroy pathogens, other than spores
1 aspesis
2 medical asepsis
3 surgical asepsis
freedom from infectionor infectious materialmedical
2 all practices intended to confine a specific microorganism to a specific area, limit the growth
3 destroys all microorganisms
what should you do before bathing a client
Determine purpose and type of bath needed.
determine client self cae ability
determine any movement precautions specific to client.
client comfort level
necessary bath equi and linen
Why is skin considered the first line of defense
because it is your bodies 1st line our outer protectant
when should gloves be worn when providing care to client
when you come in to contact with body fluids
what are nasocomial infections
infectins that are associated witht the delivery of health care services in a health care facility,
MOST COMMON SETTINGS
*urinary tract
*respiratory tract
*blood stream
*wounds
why do nasocomial infections occur
they can originate from clients(endogenous) or from hospital enviro(exodengous)
clients normal defenses have ben lowered by surgery or illness
hands of personnel are number 1 vehicle of spreading mircoorganisms
Define the following
*Bactermia
*Septecimia
*when a culture of the persons blood reveal microrganism
*whne bactermia reult in systemic infections
describe the chain of infection
Etiologic agent=microorganism
Resevoir=place where the organism naturally resides (humans)
Portal of exit from resevoir=most common resp tract, gi tract, urinary tract, reproduction tract, blood tissue
method of transmission=a way to reach another person(direct,vehicle, vector, airborne, droplet)
portal of entry to susceptible host=often by the same route they used to leave source
Susceptible=any person who is at risk for infection
fACTORS INFLUENCING PERSONAL HYGIENE
culture=
religion
environment
developmental level
health and energy
peronal preference
define the following
Sebum
Hygiene
apocrine glands
eccrine glands
sebum=oily subtances that softens and luricates the hair and skin,
hygiene=self care by which people attend to such fucntions as bathing, toiletering, and grooming
apocrine glands=located in the axila and anogenital areas, begina@puberty
eccrine glands=found on palms of hands and soles of feet, produce sweat to cool the body
Assesment of the clients skin and hygeine practices include
1 nursing health history to odtermine the clients skin care practices, self care abiities, and skin problems 2 physical assesment of skin 3 identification of clients at risk for developing skin problems 4 condition of skin, color, texture, turgor, lesions abrasions, 5 range of motion of the joints and other asoects of health tht may affect clients bathing process
common skin problems
abrasions, excessive dryness, diaper rash, acne, erythema(REDNESS)hirutism (excessive hair)
purpose of changinf an occupied bed
to conserve the clients energy and maintain healthy status
*promote client comfort
*provide a smoove wrinkle free clean enviro for patient
CLIENTS AT RISK FOR FOR FOOT PROBLEMS
* DIABETES PATIENTS
*PERIPHEAL VASCULAR DISEASES
MOST COMMON REASON WHY PATIENTS CANT PERFORM OWN FOOT CARE
*VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
*IMPAIRED HAND COORDINATION
*PAIN AND DISCOMFORT
*DECREASED LACK OF MOTIVATION
*WEAKNESS
PURPOSE FO BATHING
REMOVES ACCUMULATED OIL AND PERSPIRATION
*REMOVES DEAD SKIN CELLS & SOME BACTERIA
*STIMULATES CIRCULATION
*PRODUCES A SENSE OF WELL BEING
*OFFERS NURSE A CHANCE TO ASSESS THE CLIENTS
WHAT ARE THE 5 MAIN FUCNTIONS OF THE SKIN
*PROTECTION
*TEMPRERATURE REGULATION
*SECRETE SEBUM
PRODUCE AND ABSORB VITAMIN D
*TRANSMITS SENSATION THROUGH RECEPTORS
WHY IS ORAL HYGINE IMPORTANT IN THE PROVISION OF CLIENT
*REMOVES FOOD PARTICLES
*REMOVES PLAQUE
ENHANCE CLIENTS FEELINGS OF WELL BEING
*PREVENT SORES AND INFECTIONS OF ORAL TISSUE
WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR WHEN PLANIN TO ASSIST CLIENT WITH PERSONAL HYGIENE
KNOW EXACTLEY HOW MUCH ASSISTANCE A CLIENT NEEDS
WHAT IS AN APPROPIATE TECHNIQUE FOR EYE CARE
INNER TO OUTER
TYPES OF BATHS
complete bath bath-entire body
slf help bath=client confined to bed and bathe themsleves
*partial bath=important parts cleaned
*towel bath *bag bath * tub bath *shower
how do antispectics break the chain of infection
they inhibit th growth of some microorganism so the etiolgic agent and resevoir are interrupted
virulence
microorganisms with the ablility too produce diseases
what are commicable diseases
infections agent transmitted to an individual by direct or indirect contact through a vector or as airborne
opportunistic pathogen
causes disease only in susceptible individual
passive V/S active immunity
passive=aka acquired host receives natural or artificial antibodies produced by another source
active=the host produces antibodies in response to natural antigens
normal flora
collective vegetation in a given area normal in one area fo body but may produce an infection in anothr place
disease
detectable alteration in normal tissue function
infection
invasion of body tissue by microorganism and thier proliferation
immunity
immune responsiveness
etiology
the casual relationship between a problem and it's related or risk factor
4 microrganism causing infections
bacteria=most common
viruses=primarily of nucleic acid, must enter living cells to reproduce
fungi=yeast and molds
parasites=live in other living organisms
purpose fo hanf washing
*reduce microorganism
*REDUCE RISK K CROSS CONTAMINIATION
reduce risk of transmission to client
* reduce risk of infection
local infection and systemic infection
local=limited to a specific part of the body where the microorganisms remain
systemic-microorganism spread and damage different parts of body
5 signs of infection
*PAIN
*SWELLING
*REDNESS
*HEAT
*IMPAIRED FUNCTION OF THE PART
METHODS OF TRANSMISSIONS
1 DIRECT=IMMEDIATE AND DIRECT TREANSMISSION
2 INDIRECT
a VEHICLE BORN=OBJECTS
B VECTOR-INSECTS
3 AIRBORNE-DROPLETS, DUST