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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are 6 types of sterilization methods?
Dry heat, boiling, steam heat, ethylene oxide gas, radiation, cold sterilization.
How do you dry heat sterilize?
Flaming/baking. 320* F for 1-2 hours.
Advantage to dry heat sterilization?
Does not dull sharp edges.
How do you boil sterilization?
212*F for 30 mns.
What's a disadvantage to boiling?
Possible contamination during cooling.
How do you steam heat sterilize?
Autoclave. 250*F 15-20 mns.
What's a disadvantage to steam heat sterilization?
It dulls sharp edges.
What is ethylene oxide gas sterilization used for?
For heat-sensitive objects. some plastics.
Who used radiation sterilization?
The manufacturers.
What are disadvantages to cold sterilization?
Not true sterilization, does not kill spores, instruments not used in sterile environments.
What are 3 indicators used when sterilizing?
Autoclave tape, indicator tape, gas indicator tape.
How do you know autoclave tape is working?
The strips turn black.
How do you know indicator strips are working?
They say OK.
Where do you place indicator strips?
Inside the pack, in the center of the material - it indicates the heat has penetrated through.
How do you know gas indicator tape is working?
It turns red when it comes into contact with gas.
What position do instruments need to be in when autoclaving?
In the unlocked position. To prevent warping & loss of clamp compression.
What should you avoid doing to the pack when autoclaving?
Avoid sudden cooling of instruments.
What should you place inside the tray when autoclaving?
A cloth, to absorb moisture.
How long are plastic packs good for?
1 year, if it remains sterile.
How long are double-wrapped cloth packs good for?
3 months, it it remains sterile.
How long are double-wrapped paper packs good for?
6 months, if it remains sterile.
What are 3 ways to clean instruments? Not sterilizing them.
Manual cleaning, ultrasonic cleaner, washer sterilizer.
How do you manually clean instruments?
Warm water +/- mild detergent, clean w/soft nylon brush-esp. hinges & serrations, rinse & dry thoroughly.
How do you ultrasonically clean instruments?
Rinse off blood/debris first, cleaner vibrates instruments in a liquid (open instruments, don't pile them up), immediately remove-rinse-dry thoroughly. Allow to air dry b/4 autoclaving.
How do you washer sterilize instruments?
Mechanical cleaner-mainly in large institutions (human hospitals).
Cause/solution to stiff hinges on instruments.
Debris, detergent - ultrasonic cleaning.
Cause/solution to cracks in instruments.
Improper use - replace instruments.
Cause/solution to corrosion on instruments.
Autoclave minerals - 1:1 ammonia water plus grain alcohol & rub.
Cause/solution to misaligned jaws on instruments.
Improper use - replace instruments.
Cause/solution to loose screws on instruments.
Ultrasonic cleaner - tighten screws.
How do you lubricate instruments?
Instrument milk (bath or spray), light application, hinges only.
What is an instrument lubricant?
A non-oil, light instrument oil.
What are some desired qualities of packaging material?
Heat resistant, lightweight, little memory (lies flat when opened), durable, selective permeability (yes to steam & gas, no to dust &/or microbes), moisture resistant, economical.