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42 Cards in this Set

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checklist
Checklist: A written list of performance criteria which observer marks a scale that ONLY has two choices
rating scale
Rating scale: A written list of performance criteria that are marked by observer on a scale that lists more than two.
scoring rubric
scoring rubric: a rating scale based upon written descriptions of varied levels of achievement in a performance assessment.
performance criteria
The Aspects of a performance or product that are Observed and Judged in performance assessment
numerical summarization
use of numbers to describe performance on an assessment
rubrics or descriptive summarization
Rubric: A scoring guide that describes varied levels of quality of student performance or products assessments.
self-assessment
Self assessment: Making a pupil responsible for judging and critiquing his performance or product according to clear performance criteria.
peer review
Peer review: pupils discuss and rate each other's work based on clear performance criteria.
portfolio
A portfolio is a well-defined collection of pupils' products or performances that shows achievement of particular skill over time.
*Performance assessments requre pupils to do what?
*demonstrate their knowledge by Creating an Answer, Carrying Out a Process, or Producing a Product(rather than selecting an answer)
*Performance assessments complement what in classroom assessments?
* Pencil-and-paper tests.
*Performance assessments are useful in what five-ish areas?
* Communication Skills, Psychomotor Skills, Athletic Activities, Concept Acquisition, Affective Characteristics
*What are some of the uses of performance assessments?
Can chart performance over time, provide diagnostic info, can give pupils Ownership of their learning, integrate instructional AND assessment processes... TBCont
*...uses of performance assessment....cont.
*foster self-assessment, portfolios:cumulative evidence of performance and concrete examples of work.
*What is the main disadvantage of performance assessments?
*main disadvantage perf. ass.:
TIME it takes to prepare, implement and score.
*Successful performance assessment requires what 4 ish things?
*Well-defined purpose; Clear, observable criteria; appropriate setting to elicit performance; a scoring/rating method.
*What are "performance criteria"?
*specific behaviors a pupil should display when carrying out performance OR characteristics that a student product should possess
*Performance criteria define the aspects of a good performance or produt. They should be shared with student and included in?
* INSTRUCTION
*What is the key to identifying performance criteria?
*Break down a performance or product into its component parts.
*Helps to include students in identifying components of criteria, why?
*helps them feel Involved and Introduces them to important components.
*What is the advisable number of performance criteria to include?
*small 10-15.
*Who should the teacher see if they can help performance assessment?
*Other same area teachers can collaborate in assessment.
*What are some ambiguous words that should be avoided in performanc criteria?
*ambiguous words to avoid:
adequately, correctly, appropriate
*Performance criteria should be stated so explicitly that...?
*another teacher could use them independently
*Performance assessments can be scored/summarized in what two ways?
*Qualitatively
OR
Quantitatively
*What are some QUALITATIVE descriptions?
*Anecdotal Records
and
Teacher Narratives
*What are some QUANTITATIVE performance assessments?
*Checklists, Rating Scales,
and Scoring Rubrics
*PORTFOLIOS may include what kinds of information about pupil performance?
* Qualitative,
OR
Quantitative,
OR BOTH
*Checklists and rating scales are developed from what?
* the performance criteria.
*Checklists give the observer how many choices in judging each performance criterion?
*Checklists only give TWO choices in each criterion:
present or absent.
*Rating scales provide the observer with how many choices?
*Rating scales provide the observer with OVER TWO choices.
*Rating scales provide more than two choices, what might they be?
*Rating scales can include:
Always, sometimes, never OR
Excellent, good, fair, poor, failure.
*Rating scales come in different flavors. What are they?
*Rating scales can be:
Numerical
Graphic,
or Descriptive
*Performance can be SUMMARIZED how?
*performance can be SUMMARIZED
Numerically,
or
with a Scoring Rubric
*Portfolios are collections of pupils' work in an area that show what?
*portfolios show change and progress over time
*Portfolios may contain what two main things?
*pupil PRODUCTS or PERFORMANCES
(products: essays, paintings, lab reports, etc;)
(perf: reading aloud, foreign lang. pronunciation, etc;)
*Portfolio uses: many...list...
*focusing instruction on importance of performance output; provides perspective for pupil, parents, teacher on improvement; diagnosing weaknesses; pupil reflection--self-assess over time; grading ; integrating instruction with assessment!
*Portfolio assessment is a kind of performance assessment. What four factors are needed?
*portfolio assessment:
Definition of Purpose,
Identification of Clear Perf. Criteria,Establishing the Setting of assessment, Construction of a Scoring/Rating Scheme.
*Each part of a portfolio must have a set of performance criteria if it is used in assessment. What else requires a set of perf. criteria?
*The WHOLE PORTFOLIO if using it for assessment.
*What would insure the VALIDITY of performance assessment?
*Validity of perf. assessment:
INSTRUCTION of criteria BEFORE assessment
*Validity of performance assessment can be aided by what?
*validity of perf. assess.: STATE CRITERIA in OBSERVABLE TERMS, APPROPRIATE DIFFICULTY LEVEL, LIMITING # of perf. crit., KEEP written records of perf. assess., CHECKING to see if extraneous factors affected perf. (culture)
*RELIABILITY of perf. assess. can be improved by what?
*Reliability of P. A.: improved by MULTIPLE observations of the perf, or checking for agreement among MULTIPLE OBSERVERS of perf.,produt,or portfolio--ALL USING SAME ASSESS. CRITERIA