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30 Cards in this Set

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assessment
assessment is the process of collecting, synthesizing, and interpreting information to aid class room decision making; includes info gathered @pupils, instruction, and classroom climate.
measurement
Measurement is the process of quantifying or assigning numbers or categories to performance according to rules and standards.
test
A test is a formal, systematic procedure for obtaining a sample of pupils' behavior; the results of a test are used to make generalizations about how pupils would have performed on similar but untested behaviors
standardized assessment
Standardized assessment is administered, scored, and interpreted the same way for all pupils taking the test.
validity
Validity is the extent to which assessment information is appropriate for making the desired decision @ pupils, instruction, or classroom climate; the degree to which assessment information permits correct interpretations of the desired kind; the most important charactersitic of assessment information.
reliability
Reliability is how consistent the results of an assessment procedure are; if an assessment is reliable, it will yield nearly the same performance information about a pupil on retesting.
formative assessment
Formative assessment is carried out to improve learning or teachin while it is STILL GOING ON; assessment for improvement, not grading.
summative assessment
is carreied out at the end of instruction to determine pupil learning and to assign grades; different from formative assesssment, which is intended to improve a poress while it is still going on.
official assessment
Official assessments are required of teachers to fulfill their official, bureaucratic decision-making responsibilities, such as grading, grouping, placing, and promoting pupils.
instructional assessment
Instructional assessments are collection, sythesis and interpretation of information needed to make decisions @ planning or carrying out instruction.
sizing-up assessment
Sizing-up assessments are used by teachers in the first weeks of school to get to know pupils so that they can be organized into a classroom society with rules, communication, and control.
selection questions
Selection questions are test items in which thepupil respondes by selecting the answer from choices given; EXAMPLES:Multiple-Choice, True-False, and Matching Items
supply items
Supply items are test items in which the pupil responds by writing or constructing his own answer. EXAMPLES: Short-Answer, Completion, and Essay.
production items ~
~~production items (supply items) EXAMPLES: Short-Answer, Completion, Essay
performance assessments
Performance standards are the levels of achievement pupils must reach to recieve particular grades in a criterion-referenced grading system. EXAMPLE: higher than 90 gets an A, betw 80 and 90 gets a B, etc;
validity
Validity is the extent to which assessment information is APPROPRIATE for making the desired decision @ pupils, instruction, or classroom climate; the degree to which assessment info permits correct interpretations of the desired kind; most important assessment characteristic
reliability
Reliability is how consistent the results of an assessment procedure are; if an assessment is reliable, it will yeild nearly the same performance info @ a pupil on retesting.
*The goodness of assessments is determined in what ways?
*The goodness of assessments is determined in 2 ways: most important is validity, then reliability.
*Every day in every classroom, teachers make decisions about what?
*Every day, every classroom, teachers make decisions @ Pupils, Instruction, Classroom Climate.
*Why do teachers collect and interpret various sources of evidence?
*Teachers collect and interpret various sources of evidence: to help them Evaluate and choose suitable Courses of Action
*What are some of the many puposes of assessment?
*Many purposes of assessment include: Establishing Classroom Equilibrium, Planning &Conducting Instruction, Placing Pupils, providing Feedback &Incentives, Diagnosing Pupil Problems, Judging &Grading Academic learning & progress
*All the purposes of assessment can be divided into what 3 general categories?
*Assessment purposes 3 categories: OFFICIAL (~grades...bureaucracy), INSTRUCTIONAL (both planning & delivering instruction), SIZING-UP (early in school year to get to know students)
*Assessment
Assessment is the general process of Collecting, Synthesizing, and Interpreting information to aid teacher in their decision making.
*a Test
*A test is a Formal, usually paper-and-pencil way to gather information.
*forms of assessment evidence
*forms of assessment EVIDENCE: include Tests, Observation, Interviews, comments from Prior Teachers, and School Record Folders.
*Standardized assessments
*Standardized assessments are intended to be Administered, Scored, and Interpreted in the same way, no matter when or where they are given.
*Why are standardized assessments given in a same test, same way, everywhere manner?
*Standardized assessments will be used to compare the performance of pupils across DIFFERENT CLASSROOMS.
*validity
*validity is most important characteristic of assessment because it is concerned with the MOST RELEVANT collection of information to make a teacher decision
*reliability
*reliability is concerned with CONSISTENCY or TYPICALITY of the assessment information
*Why is assessment both a Technical, and Ethical activity?
* Ethics important in assessment: teachers' decisions can influence pupils' self-perception and life opportunites.