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16 Cards in this Set

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Experimental Phonetics
Study of speech sound production to analyze physiological mvmts. And acoustic properties with help of laboratory instruments.
Articulatory Phonetics
how speaker of language produces speech sounds
Vocal tract and other anatomical structures are studied a lot to describe how physiological systems work to produce speech sounds
Acoustic Phonetics
the study of the properties of the sound waves as they travel from the vocal tract of the speaker to the ear of the listener
Perceptual Phonetics
the perception of sounds by the listener and is studied in great detail.
The study ranges from sound awareness to sound interpretation.
Clinical or Applied Phonetics
practical application of the knowledge derived from Experimental, Articulatory, Acoustic, and Perceptual Phonetics.
Phone
generic term for any sound that can be produced by the vocal tract, this sound may or may not be a speech sound
Phoneme
a family of phones or sounds perceived to belong to the same category by the listener.
A group of sounds rather than a single sound.
Example: “tea”- alveolar placement
• The bottled tea was tasty!
Morpheme
a minimal unit of meaning, the smallest unit of language carrying semantic interpretation
Free Morpheme
a whole word that cannot be broken down into any smaller parts and still have linguistic meaning.
Ex. In, on, fry, dog, egg
Bound Morpheme
a word ending (suffix) or beginning (prefix) that attach to a word (free morpheme) to alter the meaning of the word.
Ex. Ing, ed, im, in, re, un
Minimal Pairs
morphemes that are similar except for one phoneme.
Ex. Bit/pit, sit/fit, sap/lap
Allophone
variant or alternate form of a phoneme with in a language, considered to be a member of a phoneme family. Lingual placement.
Phonetic Transcription
the sounds that are actually produced by an individual are transcribed and placed between brackets.
(Slashes are used for phonemic transcription.)
Broad Phonetic Transcription
transcribed without diacritical markers
Diacritical Markers
special symbols that depict the articulatory or perceptual features of a sound
Phonemic Transcription
variations in actual phoneme production is not depicted, enclosed between slashes