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68 Cards in this Set

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How many members are in the House?
435
How long are each representative [house] elected for?
2 years
At least how many representative per state [house]
One
Qualifications [house]
-at least 25 years
-citizens of U.S. for at least 7 years
-residents of state they live in
Leader of House
Speaker of the House
Special Powers of the House
-Starts all bills for raising revenue
-Impeachment: sole power to bring charges [to accuse]
How many committees of House
19
How many members in Senate
100
How many years each representative is elected for in Senate
6 years
How many up for election in House and how often?
All up every two years
How many up for election in Senate and how often?
1/3 up every six years
How many reps per state?
2
Qualifications for senators
-At least 30 years old
-Citizens for at least 9 years
-Resident of state
Leader of Senate
President of Senate

or

President Pro Tempore
Special Powers of Senate
-Approves Presidential appointments and treaties
-Impreachment: sole power to try the case [to convict, or not]
How many standing committees in Senate?
16
Legislative Powers
-Lay & collect taxes
-Borrow $
-Regulate commerce
-Coin $
-Declare war
-Establish post offices
-Raise and support army and navy
-Make rules for U.S. territores
-Admit new states to union
-Make laws to carry out other powers
Congress: interaction with judicial and executive branch
-Executive: Appropiates funds
-Executive: Senate approves treates and appointments

-Judicial: Congress establishes courts under Supreme Courts
Executive: interaction with legislative and judicial branch
-Lesgislative: Veto bills passed by Congress

-Judicial: Appoints judges
-Judicial: Grants pardons
Judicial: interaction with legislative and executive
-Legislative: Can declare laws unconstitutional

-Executive: Can declare executive actions unconstitutional
House of Reps in which branch of government
legislative
who decides who will be Speaker of House of Representatives
Officers in House decides
This determines how many reps each state has
population
If a vacancy occurs in the House before a national election, how is the vacancy filled?
Vacancies are filled through special elections called by the state's governor
Senate is in which branch of government
Legislative
President of senate
Vice president
What other leader is elected by the Senate to take the place of the president of the Senate when he is absent?
President pro tempore
[comes from party w/most people]
According to Section 3 of Article I, who elects senators?
The House of Reps elects Senators
Who elects senators now?
Directly elected by the people
What is "quorum"?
the minimum number of members that must be present in order for the House or Senate to do official business
What constitutes a quorum in either of the two houses?
The majority of the House/Senate constitutes the quorum
Which of the two houses must pass a bill before it becomes a law
Both houses
What is a veto?
When the president refueses to sign a bill, it is vetoed
How many members of the House and Senate must vote in favor of a bill in order to override a presidential veto?
2/3
What is a "pocket veto"?
The indirect veto of a bill recieved by the President within 10 days of the adjournment of the Congress, effected by the retaining the bill unsigned until Congress adjourns
Define duty & impost.
Duty: an act/course of action that is required of one by postition

Impost: something [duty/tax] that is imposed
Where does all of the $ raised by duties & imposts laid by states go?
US government
What are the things that no state may do?
-Conducting foreign affairs
-Carrying on a war
-Controlling interstate & foreign commerce
-Levying duties on exports & imports
-Maintaing an army or navy
What is the word for the process of redetermining how many representatives each state gets?
Census
What is a "bill of attainder"? What is an "ex post facto" law? What is a "writ of habeas corpus"?
Bill of attainder- Legislative act that singles out an individual or group for punishment without a trial

Ex post facto- Law that acts retroactively, affecting facts of legal relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law

Writ of habeas corpus- Judicial mandate to a prison official ordering that an inmate be brought to court so that it could be determined if that person could be released
Who is the only officer in the federal government who has duties in two branches of government? In two branches does he/she serve?
-President pro tempore
-Legislative & executive branch
What is the only way they can be removed from office other than being defeated in an election?
-Serious crimes
-House/Senate hosts a vote, if 2/3 votes to expel the member, then he/she is expelled
Who decides how much the Congressmen are paid?
The Congress themselves decides how much they are paid.
The terms of Senators are...
staggered
Why are terms of senators staggered?
Wouldn't have a whole new group of senators
How many times can a senator be re-elected?
Unlimited
How many times can a House member be re-elected?
unlimited
What happens if a vacancy occurs in the Senate?
the Governor of the state makes a temporary appointment until the next election
Who presides over the Senate?
Dick Cheney
Can the presiding officer of the Senate vote/debate?
No, except in ties
What kind of leaders are there in the Senate/House who are elcted by their respective parties?
Majority [Republicans]
Minority [Democrats]
What is the jury in cases of impeachment?
The Senate
Who presides over the trial if the President is impeached?
The Supreme Court
When does election day take place?
Every two years, even numbered
When do membbers in the House/Senate take office?
On January 3rd in odd-numbered years
Who has the sole power of impeachment of any federal officer?
House
What important duty does the House have in terms of the presidential election?
-Selecting the persident if no candidate has a majority in the Electoral College
What number Congress will be meeting in January of 2005?
109
How many sessions does a Congress have?
2
What is a congressional record?
The name of the journal that keeps a record of what happens in Congress each day
Who makes all the laws for the District of Columbia?
Congress
What are lobbies?
Pressure groups that seek to influence our legislators in Congress
How can the Senate/House adjourn or move to anotehr place?
They need the consent of the other house
What is a bill?
A proposed law
What two special powers do Congressmen have with regards to freedom of speech and freedom from arrest?
-Cannot be sued for anything they say during a meeting of Congress
-Can't be arrested while Congress is in session
Who is the present Speaker of the House?
Dennis Hastert
What is the "Elastic Cause"?
-Allows Congress to stretch its powers to accomplish the tasks that they have been assigned by the Constitution
-Known as the necessary and proper clause
What kind of power does the Congress have [laws], and what are all the other kinds of laws left to?
-Congress makes certain kinds of laws
-All other kinds of laws are left to the state