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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
bubonic plague
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Yersinia pestis
description: gram- bipolar staining rod
organs: lymph nodes blood lungs
signs: buboes, pneumonia, septicemia
vector: rat flea
toxin: yes
treatment: tetracycline streptomycin
immunization: killed bacteria for high risk
comment: historical significance, septicemic and pneumonic forms, rodent infected
tularemia
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Francisella tularensis
description: gram- bipolar staining rod
organs: eyes, skin blood
signs: eye lesion, skin ulcer, pneummonia
vector: flea tick
toxin: yes
treatment: tetracycline streptomycin
immunization: none
comment: resembles many other diseases, many transmission nodes, no epidemics
lyme disease
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Borrelia burgdorferi
description: spirochette
organs: skin, joints, heart
signs: erythema chronicum migrans, arthritis
vector: tick
toxin: not established
treatment: penicillin doxycycline
immunization: genetically lipoprotein
comment: recognized 1975, most prevalent tickborne disease, three possible stages
relapsing fever
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Borrelia recurrentis
description: spirochete
organs: blood, liver
signs: fever, jaundice
vector: louse, tick
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline
immunization: none
comment: relapses common, rose spots develop on skin
rocky mountain spotted fever
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Rickettsia rickettsii
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever, rash
vector: tick
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline
immunization: killed bacteria for high risk
comment:most common reckettsial disease, rash first on extremities
epidemic typhus
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Rickettsia prowazekii
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever
vector: louse
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: high mortality rate, rash first on body trunk
endemic typhus
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Rickettsia typhi
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever, rash
vector: flea
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: mild typhus-like disease, prevalent in rodents
scrub typhus
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Rickettsia tsutsugamushi
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever, rash
vector: mite
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: occurs in scrubland, prevalent in Asia
rickettsialpox
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Rickettsia akari
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever, rash
vector: mite
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: rare disease, resembles chickenpox
trench fever
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Bartonella quintana
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever, rash
vector: louse
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: common in WWI, cultivation in artificial medium
tickborne fevers
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Rickettsia conorii
description: rickettsia
organs: blood, skin
signs: fever, rash
vector: tick
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: different forms
ehrlichiosis (HME)(HGE)
agent
description
organs
signs
vector
toxin
treatment
immunization
comment
agent: Ehrlichia chaffeensis (E. equi(?))
description: rickettsia
organs: blood
signs: fever
vector: tick
toxin: not established
treatment: doxycycline chloramphenicol
immunization: none
comment: recognized since 1986