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26 Cards in this Set

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Middle Ages
400-1475
Renaissance
1475-1600
Baroque
1600-1750
Classical
1750-1820
Romantic
1820-1900
Impressionist
1880-1920
Modern
1920- present
high- low
H: soprano, (mezzo soprano), alto, tenor, (baritone), bass :L
Baroque Orquestra
1.) Massive Scale
2.) Overabundance of small decorative details.
3.)Exaggeration and distortion (text is more important than music)
4.) Affections (ability of music to sway emotions.)
Notation
notes which signify duration and pitch are placed on the grand staff.
Cantata
A composite (of movements) vocal works consisting of arias, rectatives, duets, and choruses that is usually written for church services.
Oratorio
A composite (of movements) vocal works consisting of arias, rectatives, duets, and choruses that is performed in a concert hall but without staging and costumes
Opera
A composite (of movements) vocal works consisting of arias, rectatives, duets, and choruses where a story is told through singing with the accompaniment of an orquestra. Uses staging and costumes
1564
Michelangelo died
Calvin died
Galileo born
Shakespear born
1517
Reformation
1620
Pilgrims
1685
Bach and Handel born
1732
George Washington and Hayden born
Baroque Orquestra
Woodwinds: Flute 2, Oboe 2, Bassoon 2
Brass: Trumpet 1-3, Horns 2
Percussion: Timpani
Strings: Violin I, Violin II, Viola, Cello, Bass
Basso ostinato
When a phrase in the bass repeats over and over-no matter how long the phrase.
basso continuo
a small ensemble of at least 2 instruments who provide a foundation for the melody.
Rhythm
the observable interplay of articulated sound (or movement) and perceived pulse.
The Mass
1.)Kyrie
2.)Gloria
3.)Credo
4.) Sanctus
5.)Agnus Dei
6.) Ite Missa est
Monophony
a musical texture involving only a single line of music with no accompaniment
Polyphony
a musical texture involving 2 or more simultaneosly sounding lines- the lines are often independent and create counterpoint
homophony
a texture in music in which all voices, or lines, move to new pitches at roughly the same time