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28 Cards in this Set

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Colonnade
structure consisting of a row of evenly spaced columns
Hypostyle Temple
A temple in which the roof or ceiling is supported by rows of columns
mastaba
An Arabic word for bench, it has been applied to early tombs where the building above the ground was a rectangular structure with a flat roof, thereby resembling a bench.
Necropolis
The Greek word meaning; "city of the dead" normally describes large and important burial areas that were in use for long periods.
Obelisk
a stone pillar having a rectangular cross section tapering towards a pyramidal
-pointy building
portico
a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area
post and lintel
n architecture, a structural system that uses two or more uprights or posts to support a horizontal beam (or lintel) which spans the space between them.

A method
pylons
Greek for "gate", these were huge towers on each side of the entrance to a temple. They were often decorated with reliefs of pharaohs or gods.
sarcophagus
A container or coffin, usually made of stone, used to hold the mummy of an ancient Egyptian.
Sphinx
one of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians
Ra (Uraeus)
The Sun god, represented by a cobra seen on Pharaoh's heads
Osiris
Founder of Egpyt, god of the nile, earth, water, vegetation.

The first Mummy

Associated with Orion's belt

Connected with rebirth, underworld, fertility, death, and ressurection
Seth
God of evil and chaos


Associated with the desert or wilderness
provenance
the history of an artwork itself (where it was intended to be seen, where it was later, where it is now)•
Pieta
suffering
Contrapposto
A twist or "S" curve of the human figure caused by placing the weight on one foot and turning the shoulder.
chiaroscuro
Italian word for "light and dark". In painting, a method of modeling form primarily by the use of light and shade
Foreshortening
A method of reducing or distorting the parts of a represented object that are not parallel to the picture plane in order to convey the impression of three dimensions as perceived by the human eye
Fresco
Italian word for "fresh". Fresco is the technique of painting on plaster with pigments ground in water so that the paint is absorbed by the plaster and becomes part of the wall itself. Buon fresco is the technique of painting on wet plaster; fresco secco is the technique of painting on dry plaster.
Picture Plan
The flat surface on which a picture is painted
Sibyls
In Greek and Roman mythology, any of the numerous women who were thought to possess powers of divination and prophecy. They appear on Christian representations notable Michelangelo's' Sistine Ceiling because they were believed to have foretold the coming of Christ.
tree of Knowledge
The tree in the Garden of Eden form which Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit that destroyed their innocence.
Continuing Narration:
Same characters in same landscape but one comes first (left to right generally)
Animism
Belief that a spirit or force residing in every animate and inanimate object, every dream and idea, gives individuality to each. The related Polynesian concept of man holds that the spirit in all things is responsible for the good and evil in the universe.
Heel stones
placed outside of main circle and corresponds to horizon if looked at from the Alter Stone
Ethnocentric
judging another art form, government, social arrangements, as a comparison to one's own
scarification
transition to adult society, native cultures scarred those to commemorate growing up (like a gang tattoo)
dama
ethnographic Ancestor Worship dance