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79 Cards in this Set

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Paleolithic
(old stone) the old stone age, ranges from different arts from necklace, animals forms in ivory, clay and stone, painting, engravings, and relief sculptures. Purpose of art unknown
Mesolithic
(Middle stone age)
Neolithic
(New stone age) climax got warmer, had metalwork, pottery, and clay tokens. More paintings of man dominating animals.
Radiocarbon dating
used to date materials based on comparison between the observed abundance of naturally occurred radioactive isotope and its decay products.
Profile view
head, body, tail, and all four feet. This way you can get the whole profile of the animals
Three-dimensional sculpture
A sculpture that is completely craved out.
Relief sculpture
The stone cut into a flat surface to give the image a background.
Shaman
Having access to spirits.
Megaliths
A large stone that has used to construct a structure or monument either alone or together with other stones
Menhir
Large upright standing stone
Paleolithic
(old stone) the old stone age, ranges from different arts from necklace, animals forms in ivory, clay and stone, painting, engravings, and relief sculptures. Purpose of art unknown
Mesolithic
(Middle stone age)
Neolithic
(New stone age) climax got warmer, had metalwork, pottery, and clay tokens. More paintings of man dominating animals.
Radiocarbon dating
used to date materials based on comparison between the observed abundance of naturally occurred radioactive isotope and its decay products.
Profile view
head, body, tail, and all four feet. This way you can get the whole profile of the animals
Three-dimensional sculpture
A sculpture that is completely craved out.
Relief sculpture
The stone cut into a flat surface to give the image a background.
Shaman
Having access to spirits.
Megaliths
A large stone that has used to construct a structure or monument either alone or together with other stones
Menhir
Large upright standing stone
Paleolithic
(old stone) the old stone age, ranges from different arts from necklace, animals forms in ivory, clay and stone, painting, engravings, and relief sculptures. Purpose of art unknown
Mesolithic
(Middle stone age)
Neolithic
(New stone age) climax got warmer, had metalwork, pottery, and clay tokens. More paintings of man dominating animals.
Radiocarbon dating
used to date materials based on comparison between the observed abundance of naturally occurred radioactive isotope and its decay products.
Profile view
head, body, tail, and all four feet. This way you can get the whole profile of the animals
Three-dimensional sculpture
A sculpture that is completely craved out.
Relief sculpture
The stone cut into a flat surface to give the image a background.
Shaman
Having access to spirits.
Megaliths
A large stone that has used to construct a structure or monument either alone or together with other stones
Menhir
Large upright standing stone
Dolmen
Portal tomb, with about three upright stones
Cromlechs
Structure encircling a mound
Post and Lintel construction
Construction method using the horizontal stones and a vertical one on top.
Cave paintings
mostly animals, with only a view of the head, body, tail, and all four legs. Paint is by marrow of fat, used red and yellower power and just added water. Used weeds, bristles, twigs, and also paint by blowing pipe or hollow bone,
Altamira
found by an amateur archaeologist in 1879 in Spain. Paintings were found 85 feet into the cave. Painting were 60 feet long, has no ground line or indication of setting. Wanted to represent animals not location. Group of bison, looking down at animal rather then standing on the ground.
Lascaux
"Halls of Bulls" many colored silhouettes, but others are craved by outline alone.
Venus of Willendorf
It is served as a fertility image, no face, arms, big breast, big stomach, vagina. Wanted to notice the female form.
Venus of Laussel
Oldest relief sculpture who is holding a horn and other hand on stomach, No one knows why she is this way.
Stonehenge
A henge is an arrangement of megalithic stones in a circle. Often surrounded by a ditch.
Newgrange
One of the most impressive megalithic monument in Europe, and one of the oldest.
Polytheistic
Believes in more then one God
Monotheistic
Believe in one God
Deities
Supernatural immoral beings
Cuneiform
First form of writing, used to record keeping, then creative writing later on. They made stamps that would role out into clay.
Inlaid
having a 3d sculpture
Ziggurat
(Raised up high) Famous type of temple, are like pyramids, very top is a statue that looks over town. Man made temple between Heaven and Earth made out of brick.
Stele
Gray stone "Stele of Valuers" (victory of battle and values taking heads of losing dead. Story mostly about the military and battle, has a hard back not 3D.
Bulls
Common in old religion, was worshipped and has a lot of pictures in art.
Gudea of Lagash
(man sitting in chair, skirt has writing on it) Peaceful ruler, very religious. Did not wear fancy clothing but simple clothes. Hands are together to pray for guidance, has a robe over one shoulder. He built a lot of libraries.
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
Ruler, the victory of King, all in profile, the king is bigger and has foot on tope of the loser and has more clothes on.
Law Code of Hammurabi
First written law code, powerful King of the Balafire, laws from cutting trees to adultery. Has 282 laws.
Characteristic of men in sculptures (Mesopotamian)
Used a lot of simple patterns, has unibrow.
Lamassu
Winged, manhead bulls served to ward off King's enemies. Assyrains made them.
Ishtar Gate
Orignal is in Iraq, a lot of blue as well as unicorns.
Upper Egypt
Up steam (South) water is rapped and fast.
Lower Egypt
Down steam (North) soft river
Pharaohs
Ruler, each pharaoh when he became a ruler would start over time and change all the records
Hieroglyphics
"Picture writing" when Romans invaded Egypt Catholic church killed people who could read hieroglyphics
Serekh
Rectangle chief name of King, older then cartouch
Cartouch
Oval, King five title names
Stylized art
All body showing, profile, had to use a grid, set of rules must be followed.
Sarcophagus
Stone coffin for mummies.
Obelisks
Hatshepsut famous building she left behind, now it is used all over the world.
Papyrus
Paper made by the Nile, rolled them into to scroll.
Stele
Grave stone with stories and pictures.
Hypostyle Hall
Normal people were not allowed in, middle section is where God is at, it is very mysterious
Hatshepsut
Female pharaoh, betrayed like God, cobra on head for projection. Wife and half sister of another pharaoh, builds a temple for her father to gain more power. She became pharaoh instead of her step-son/nephew. Started to be in public less and less, and wanted to be God like, started to be shown as a man.
White crown
Upper Egypt
Red crown
Lower Egypt
Palette of Narmer
Used to mix eye make up, story about a power fight against Newbian.
Rosetta Stone
Was able to crack language code since it was written in three different languages
Pyramids at Giza
The three most famous pyramids, of a grandfather, father, and son. Took 75 years to built.
Sphinx Khafre
Guardian of pyramids, 66 feet high is a person/lion.
Seated Scribe
4500 years old, had own tomb, looks like a normal person shows the person rather then a god-like being.
Temple of Ramses
His sons had another temple, he had a lot of gold. 4 Portraits of Ramses outside.
Akhanaten
Pharaoh, he changed the religion and appeared more human then God. Moved capital of city, changed the art, had a disease which made him a thin chest, huge hips and belly. When he was overthrown a lot of his art was destroyed.
Nefertiti
(bust) Akhanaten's wife, beautiful and fragile Egypt wants it baack from Berlin, but if it is moved could be destroyed.
Tutankhamon
Old conventions of art returned, went back to old religion and died at 18. 5000 objects in tomb.
Sphinx of Taharqo
(Nubia) Pharaoh, could have been African American.