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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
protestant reformation
started by Martin Luther in 1517
Peasant war
what the reformation turned into. caused Luther to throw his support from the peasants to the nobles
3 parts of counter-reformation
1) inquistion
2) censorship
3) council of trent
2 ways the counter reformation church attacked humanist art
1) art was under the supervision of theologians= censorship
2)meanwhile lutherans and calvinist preach that art appreciation= idol worship
Components of mannerist style
1)elongated figures
2)unideal proportions
3)crowded compositions
4)icy color schemes
alla prima
one coat only
impasto
thick paint
hieronymous bosch
alla prima, impasto
disturbing because of weird reality n his work
alterpiece: the garden of earthly delights
most common interpretation of the garden of earthly delights:
closed version: the world before the flood
ILLUSTRATING THE ORIGIN INDULGENCE AND PUNISHMENT OF SIN
Inner: creation of world, garden of eden, hell
Adamite interpretation of garden of earthly delights
adamites equated sexual act with divine in man. they practiced nudity and promiscuity in an attempt to recreate the garden. geometrical lines drawn on right wing support this interpretation
alchemical interpretation of delights
interprets the alterpiece as an allegory for distillation.
Conjunction-marriage of opposites
coagulation- multiplication of peoples on earth
purification-seperation of previously joined elements
cleansing- washing and purifying of seperate ingredients
Pieter Brueghel the elder
Netherlands
followed bosch
painted cycles: series of paintings on one allegorical subject for ntherlandish aristocracy
often painted peasants as grotesque/ comical
Matthias Grunewald
german
painted polyptych for high alter in hospital chapel
Albrecht Durer
german painter/ printmaker
strove to combine german and italian art
used northern symbolism- imbalences of bodily fluid
nothern symbolism- bodily fluids
choloric cat- yellow bile in liver
melancholic elk- black bile in liver
sanguine rabbit- too much blood
phelgmatic ox- phelgm in lungs
albrecht altdorfer
german
landscapes and expressive mood
danube style
danube style
art done along danube river
hans holbein the younger
german painter
friends with eramus (a humanist)
left germany to become a court painter for henry VIII
el greco
spanish religious mannerist (born in crete)
greatest french patron of the italian renaissance art
Francis I
school of fountainbleau
french mannerism
maniera
overdone elegance
possible inspiration for delights
alchemy
flemish proverbs
besteries
contemporary dream books
symbols in middle panel of delights
rats- lies against church, filth, sex
fruit-carnal pleasure
owls-great learning/ witchcraft
fish- lewdness and/or false prophets
leonardo of the north
durer
aspects of mannerist architexture
1)non centralized focal points
2)reversed order
3) parts that seem to have no purpose
4)overall lack of clarity
5) weird proportions