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88 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
pastoral
depicts life of shepherds

(Venetian Renaissance)
Jacopo Pesaro
bishop and soldier painted by Titian
Franciscan
Roman Catholic monastic order following the rules of St. Francis
donors
those giving money to fund an artwork
Venetian red
bright red color standing out from typical neutral shades
Venus of Urbino
Titian's painting resembling a Giorgione, but not necessarily intended to represent the goddess herself
maniera/mannered
refers to the artist's style in the Mannerist period
Capponi Chapel, Church of Santa Felicità
holds some of Pontormo's best paintings, located in Florence, dedicated to Saint Felicity
Venus, Cupid, Folly, Time; Hatred, Inconstancy
figures in Allegory of Venus by Bronzino
villa
Roman country house built for upper class
St. Peter's, Rome
most prominent building in Vatican City; traditionally, burial site of St. Peter
Bramante, Michelangelo
favorite artists of Pope Julius II
Greek cross
representative of division of world, cardinal points, Christianity
Mantua
important Italian city
Federigo Gonzaga
ruled Mantua
keystones
topmost stone at the center of an arch, pressure holds arch together, last to be placed, decorated
pediments
triangular gable found over major architectural elements
architraves
bottom element of entablature, beneath frieze and cornice
triglyphs
rectangular blocks between metopes of doric frieze
Council of Trent
Roman Catholic group meeting 3 times a year in response to Protestant Reformation
Counter-Reformation
movement within Catholic Church to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation
Goliath
giant David killed with a stone and a slingshot
Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Cornaro Chapel
the central marble group of a sculpture complex designed and competed by Bernini, in Rome
illusionistic
appearance of reality given through use of perspective and foreshortening
naturalism/realism
realism originally type of naturalism (records visible world) with political message
Contarelli Chapel
first chapel to left of apse in French national church in Italy
tenebrism
use of strong chiaroscuro and artificially illuminated areas to create dramatic contrast of light and dark
chiaroscuro
contrast of dark and light
Conversion of Saint Paul, Cerasi Chapel
within the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo in Rome, important paintings by Caravaggio
Caravaggesque
painting style of Caravaggio coming out of the Baroque tradition
Style of Louis XIV; "Baroque classicism"
late mannerist and early baroque tendencies
coffers
recessed decorative panels used to reduce weight of and to decorate ceilings or vaults
idyllic
simple, rustic, pastoral
Charles Lebrun
French painter and art theorist
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
hierarchical and strict education for artists
elevation
arrangement, details and proportions of any vertical side of face of a building
rustication
rough, unfinished effect deliberately given to the surface of stone
Royal Academy of Architecture
French society founded in 1671
André Le Nôtre
landscape architect and the gardener of King Louis XIV of France
pilasters
engaged columnar elements that are rectangular and decorative
colonade
row of columns or arches
terrace
an element where a raised flat paved or gravelled section overlooks a prospect
Hall of Mirrors
in palace of Versailles
Apollo, sun god
medicine, truth, light, archery
Habsburg Empire
in power during the inquisition
King Philip IV
ruler of France
Infanta
title given to a son or daughter of the reigning monarch who is not the heir-apparent to the throne
Apelles, Alexander the Great
renowned painter of ancient Greece that produced a portrait of Alexander the Great
order of Santiago
founded in Spain
Murillo
Spanish Baroque painter
Immaculate Conception
Roman Catholic dogma that asserts that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was preserved by God from the stain of original sin at the time of her own conception
Flanders
northern half of Belgium
Anthony van Dyck
Flemish artist who became the leading court painter in England
Antwerp
center of Belgium
tryptych
3 panels
Church of St. Walburga
church where Ruben's massive "Raising of the Cross" tryptych was displayed
Charles I of England
struggle for power with parliament of England
Medici cylce
21 portraits of Marie de'Medici's life by Peter Paul Rubens
regent
person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated
Jupiter, Juno
Roman ruling god and goddess
fête galante
rich outdoor party in a paradisic setting
Protestant
Christians the seceded from the Catholic religion
Haarlem
city in the Netherlands, subject of painting by Jacob can Ruisdael
tronie
portrait in which the sitter is unknown, even to the patron
Age of Reason/Age of Enlightenment
advocates reason as the primary basis of authority
Captain Frans Banning Cocq
central figure of Rembrandt's "Nightwatch"
French Revolution
period of political and social upheaval--> monarchy falls apart
civic guard/militia group
protects a specific area
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Genevan philosopher of the Enlightenment whose political ideas influenced the French Revolution
etching
using strong acid to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio in the metal
Delft
city in South Holland
Horatius
Roman family who fight in David's painting
vanitas
reminder of the transience of life, the futility of pleasure, and the certainty of death, encouraging a sombre world view
hôtel
urban, private house of a grand sort
putti
a pudgy baby, almost always male, often naked and having wings
Curatius
Alban family that fights in David's painting
Charlotte Corday
political enemy of Marat during the French Revolution, stabbed him in the back
sublime
the quality of transcendent greatness, whether physical, moral, intellectual, metaphysical or artistic
Federal Period
associated with the early Republic, and the establishment of the national institutions of the United States.
Palladio
the most influential person in the history of Western architecture
odalisque
virgin female slave, who could rise in status to being a concubine or a wife
Ingres
French Neoclassical painter
picturesque
arose as a mediator between the opposed ideals of beauty and the sublime, showing the possibilities that existed in between these two rationally idealized states
salon
the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris
Lord Byron
leading British Romantic poet
vignette
action of painting is around the edges with a void in the middle
Gothic Revival
architectural movement in 19th century England
J.M.W. Turner
English Romantic landscape painter, watercolorist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism