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58 Cards in this Set

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Acanthus
a type of lead used to adorn the capital of Greco-Roman columns
Apse
A recess in a building, usually a part of traditional Christian churches
Arcade
row of arches
Arcuated
architectural system that uses arches
cantilever
substantially long overhanging portion of a roof in modern architecture
craquelure
cracks in the finish of old oil paintings
When aperture decreases, depth of field _____
increases
When aperture increases, depth of field _____
decreases
depth of field
area under sharp focus
entasis
bulging of column at center to create the illusion of straightness
frieze
in architecture, the area between architrave and cornice; in sculpture, a decorative band
nave
part of church between main entrance and the choir, usually lined with colonnade/arcade
serigraphy
screen printing
trabeated
architectureal system based on post and lintel construction
tessera
piece of glass/stone/pottery used in a mosaic
voussoir
stones used to make an arch
provenance
origin or source
entablature
upper portion of the structure supported by columns
architrave
rectangular part of entablature directly about the columns
pediment
triangular-shaped area about architrave
cornice
area that frames the pediment
caryatids
columns made in shape of women
Tuscan style
Doric with no fluting
post and lintel
two or more posts with beam or lintel between them; usually has thick walls
additive techniques in sculture
modeling and casting
modeling
manipulating material into 3-D shape
Joseph Cornell
assemblages
tectonic/atectonic
solid mass/utilized surrounding space
Alexander Calder
kinetic mobiles
greenware
dried clay; not malleable; not fired in kiln
earthenware
fired at 1100-1150 celsius; porous with brownish color
stoneware
fired at 1200-1300 celsius; nonporous with grayish color
porcelain
fired at 1350-1500 celsius; made with deposits of granite; clear; makes ringing sound when struck
2 ways to decorate pots
slip/glaze
slip
watery clay; comes in less colors than glazes
glaze
sealer; fires to become shiny and nonporous; comes in more colors than slips; can be applied in many layers; must be fired again after applied
polychrome
in ceramics and sculpture, using several colors at once to decorate
complementary of orange
blue
complementary of red
green
complementary of yellow
violet
How many heads is the human body?
7.5
etching
acid intaglio; covering metal plate with acid-proof hard ground, sketching a design into ground, allowing acid to eat design
soft ground
acid intaglio; soft material such as petroluem jelly covering plate; allows special effects
aquatint
acid intaglio; partially applying hard ground
embossing
acid intaglio; printing very deep areas of plate without ink; nice raised texture
drypoint
non-acid intaglio; scratching into plte with sharp needle
engraving
non-acid intaglio; incising sharp lines through metal with burin
burnisher
forces ink on paper in intaglio
burin
scratchs lines in engraving
burr
raised metal left after engraving
percale
fabric used for sheets; made from plain weave
plain weave
makes percale
twill weave
makes denim and gabardine
satin weave
makes satin and damask
latch-hooking
makes rugs by tying yarn to backing
parts of camera
box, opening/aperture, lens, shutter, and film
Richard Leach Maddox
invented gelatin emulsion plates in 1871
George Eastman
invented Kodak camera