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56 Cards in this Set

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List and briefly describe the four main historically accepted definitions of art.
1)Mimesis-copying
2)Communication-expression
3)Significant Form-what we notice/ circular
4)Artworld-what artists say, expression of power
List and briefly describe the four main kinds of stle.
1)Period- same time, different place
2)Regional-same place, different time
3)Formal- different times and places
4)Personal- one individual
What would be the point of constructing an elaborate artwork from sand and then sweeping it away?
Buddhist non-attachment
The textbook states the "Arts.... bring participants into unity with nature's forces and thereby give access to the creative energy of the universe." What is one term that describes this perspective?
Pantheism
T/F "Our high-tech multicultural society hs few shared traditions."
True
The text states that ".....people living in highly technological societies need art as much as the members culturally rich, traditional societies." how does the author suppor this claim?
They don't support this claim
One possible definition of art is: "The function of art in culture is to create and maintain a debate about the nature of ___________.
Good
Societies need the arts because there is nothing more dangerous than a powerful person with an unexamined sence of what is _______.
Good
All opinins are equal if and only if there is no such thing as ________
Truth
The endure suffering without complaint is to be _____
Stoicism
T/F Romare Bearden's artwork was intended to focus on universal themes
True
The president of Zimbabwe is _________________. On which continent is the nation of Zimbabwe located?
Robert Mugabe; Africa
To register a visual sensation is to _______, but to understand what one perceives is to ______
Look; See
State one reason why beauty might NOT be in the of the beholder.
It is independant of the beholder
The statement, "For there to be beauty, there much be ugliness" relies on ________ thinking.
Dualistic
The theory of signs is known as ____________.
Semiotics
T/F. non-representational art is a relatively recent invention, starting with modern art.
False
Form descibes the _______ attributes of an artwork. Content describes its ________.
Physical; Meaning
List three iconographic symbols and what they mean in Durer's etching "Knight, Death, and the Devil."
1)knight-virtue, honor
2)dog-loyalty
3)city on the hill-virtue
List the 5 main elements of visual design.
1)line
2)shape
3)mass
4)color
5)texture
List 4 out of the 7 key principles of design.
1)unity/variety
2)balance
3)emphasis/contrast
4)rhythm
5)scale/proportion
Lines can be considered paths of _______.
Action
Horizontal and vertical lines are considered _______ while diagonal lines read as ________
Static (still); Dynamic (active)
_______ lines are considered to be aggressive.
Jagged
The dominant shape in a composition is referred to as the _______ while the background or negative shape are referred to as the ________.
Figure; Ground
List the 3 main 2-D cues to spatial depth.
1)height
2)scale
3)overlap
Describe the difference between linear and atmospheric perspective.
Linear is geometric and atmospheric is color of air
List and briefly describe the 3 areas from which art criticism generally arises.
1)formal-material
2)sociocultural-identity
3)emotional-feelings
The 3 main forms of 2-D artworks are
1)Drawing
2)Painting
3)Printmaking
The 4 main forms of printmaking are:
1)intaglio (angraving/etching)
2)relief printing (woodcut)
3)planographic printing
4)stncil printing (silkscreen)
Describe the difference between original prints and reproductions.
Original is hand-made and reproduction is a machine-made mass-production print.
Describe the difference between a photograph and a photogram.
photogram does not use a camera
The brief retnetion of an image by our eyes creates the effect called the persistence of ________ without which movies would not be possible
Vision
just as early photographers tried to make their photographs look like paintings, early movie makers tried to make their movies look like __________
Plays
"......Digital imaging has undercut the traditional ______ value of photography."
Truth
Eisenstein's Battleship Potemkin is known for the early use of _______, images flashed in quick succession
Montage
Fellini's La Dolce Vita is a critique of mass media from which the therm _______ derives.
Papparrazzi
India's popular film industry centered in Mumbai is know as _________.
Bollywood
What is the different between a logo and a symbol
Logo is made out of words and letters
The main difference between illustration and art is the _________ for which a visual object was made
Purpose
One main concern for today's computer-driven graphic designers is to use the computer to make their visual art look ________
Hand-made
Describe the subtle proportion distortion present in Michelangelo's Pieta, and give one plausible reason for this intentional distortion.
Jesus is smaller than Mary to increase Jesus' childlike innoncence
Name one common form of low-relief sculpture
coins
List and briefly describe the 4 main methods of sculture
1)modeling-material is built up and added
2)carving-material is removed
3)casting-material is substituted
4)assembling-material is constructed
Japanese Raku decoration began with objects intended to be used in the _____ ceremony
Tea
The difference between a closed form and an open form is that the open form _______ with the space around it.
interacts
T/F. Giacometti considered all of his works unfinished
True
T/F. Today textiles such as weaving and quilting are thought of as craft, not art.
False
Greek architecture is equated directly to a set of ideal values. Contemporary buildings most often made in this style are _______.
Banks
Greek/ Egyptian style is most closely associated with _________ ____ _______.
Post and Lintel
Roman style is most closely associated with _________ _____
Circular Arch
Gothic style is most closely associated with ______ _______
Pointed Arch
Modern style is most closely associated with ______ ____ _____
Steel and Concrete
Frank Lloyd Wright was the originator of the _______ style of architecture
Prairie
Why was Chicago the center of architecture innovation around the turn of the 20th century
Chicago Fire of 1898
Architectural design that is energy efficient and environmentally conscious is known as _________ architecture.
Green