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15 Cards in this Set

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Relief
In scupture figures projecting from a background of which they are part. The degree of relief is the designated high, low, or sunken. The the last, the artist cuts the design into the surface so the highest projecting parts of the image are no higher than the surface itself.
Sculture in the round
Freestanding figures, carved or molded into three demensions.
Twisted Perspective
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally. A composite view.
Paleolithic
The "old" stone age, during which humankind produced the first sculptures and paintings
Neolithic
The "new" stone age
Cuneiform
Latin: means "wedge shaped"

This was a system of writting used in Ancient Mesopotamia in which wedge-shaped characters were produced by pressing a stylus into soft clay tablet, which was then baked or otherwise left to harden.
Hieroglyph
A system of writting using symbols or pictures.
Repousse
Formed in RELIEF by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver.
Tholos
A temple with a circular plan
papyrus
A plant native to Eygpt and adjacent lands used to make paperlike writting material.
Cromlech
A circle of monoliths: also called a henge.
monolith
a column shaft that is all in one piece (not composed of drums), a large single block or piece of stone used in megalithic structures.
post and lintel
a system of construction in which two parts support a lintel
Ziggurat
In ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple.
frieze
The part of the entablature between the architrave and the cornice; also any sculptured or painted band on a building.