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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A metal instrument used in engravings to cut lines into a metal plate is known as a
burin
A painting in which two panels are hinged together is known as a
diptych
what is the complementary color of orange
blue
a method of painting in which pigments are suspended in molten wax is known as
encaustic
a sculpture of a female figure used as a column is known as a
caryatid
what is a photogras
a photograph made without a camera by placing objects on light-sensitive paper
a rough, unfinished effect used deliberately on a stone building is known as
rustication
a writing or painting surface made from animal skins is knows as
velium
a writing or painting surface made from animal skins is knows as
vellum
what are the vertical threads in a weaver's loom called
the warp
what is a tessara
a small piece of stone or glass used to make a mosaic
a temporary work of art created for a specific space is called
an installation
what printmaking process is based on the principle that water and oil will not mix
lithography
what technique would an artist use to create an effect like the atmosphere at dusk
sfumato
the history of a work of art's ownership from the time of its creation to the present is known as its
provenance
a relic is a(n)
venerated object associated with a saint or martyr
a diluted watercolor or ink painting technique is known as a
wash
the process of rubbing paper with a pencil or crayon over a textured surface is known as
frottage
the art of adhering thin metal leaf to a surface is known as
gliding
a color obtained by mixing a hue with white is called a
tint
what is the study of an art work's subject matter called
its iconography
what is a buttress used for in architecture
to strengthen a wall
the point of convergence for all lines forming an angle with the picture plane is known as the
vanishing point
a three-dimensional work of art composed of two or more found objects is known as a(n)
assemblage
a painting or an opening over a doorway with a semicircular shape is known as a
lunette
what is a medieval manuscript illustrated with paintings and drawing called
an illuminated manuscript
another term for the intensity of a color is its
saturation
a painting in various hues of a single color is known an a(n)
monochrome
what are the three primary colors
red, yellow, blue
representing figures so that they appear as if they are receding into space is known as
foreshortening
works of art that remain installed in their original location are said to be
in situ
a cartouche is a(n)
painted or sculpted ornament enclosing an oval space
a sinopia is a
underdrawing for a fresco
a shadow formed on a surface behind a body that blocks light is known as a
cast shadow
on a building vertical grooves on the shaft of a column are known as
fluting
the surface to which paint is applied is known as the
ground
when the printing surfaces of various plates used in creating a print and the impressions made from them are aligned, they are said to be in
register
during the shang period, the high god who controlled all of nature was known as
Di
the oldest burial sites in china contained vessels of
earthenware
what type of jade was most valued in ancient china
light colored
during what dynasty is it thought that bronze casting was introduced
shang
a ding is a
tripod vessel with two handles
what was the function of a li
to prepare and serve a ritual meal
why doesnt the spirit jar have a removable lid
it was not created to hold any material goods
a fantastical animal with horns and claws found frequently on shang period bronzes was given the name
taotie
what moral philospher lived from 551-479 b.c.e.
confucius
by the late zhou dynasty, what was used in place of sacrificed living people in the tombs of the wealthy
wooden or clay figures
how was the body of the spirit jar made
on a potters wheel
during what period did silk production begin in china
the neolithic period
we have learned about the accomplishments of individuals living in the zhou dynasty from inscriptions on
bronzes
ancient chinese jade was shaped into round decorative disks known as
bi
in ancient china there was a belief that ancestors
had an influence on the lives of the living
a full-body suit was discovered in an ancient chinese tomb that was made of
jade
bones used to communicate with ancestors were known as
oracle bones
the top section of the 3rd century spirit jar includes
a model of a palace
how do we know that the late zhou period jade dragon was used as a pendant
there is a hole in the dragons back to suspend it
the degree of elaborateness of an ancient chinese burial indicates
the social stature of the deceased
why do we believe that the shang dynasty tripod ritual vessel was a ritual vessel
it is made of an expensive material too valuable for everyday use
from where is it believed that the shang dynasty tripod ritual vessel derived its shape
earlier terracotta vessels
we can learn about textiles worn by the ancient chinese elite through
terracotta figures
sophisticated works made from textiles have been excavated from as early as the _______ dynasty
zhou
during what dynasty was it common to enclose living humans and animals in tombs
shang
the han dynasty female long sleeve dancer is made of
earthenware
why were sacrificed animals and humans placed in graves in ancient china
to serve the dead in the afterlife
why would a victorious group allow some members of a defeated household remail living
to allow them to continue to pay respect to their ancestors
according to confucius, what served as a model for the structure of the ideal government
the family
how were small horizontal scrolls used
they were held in the hand and unrolled for viewing
what were the scholarly elite known as
the literati
why might paintings that include musicians be associated with confucianism
confucius believed that music could promote virtue in humans
if one did not come from a prestigious family, how might one obtain a high ranking position in the ming government
by scoring well on a civil service examination
the sutras are the principles of what religion
buddhism
a highly respected zhou dynasty scholar who was involved in governmental affairs would most likely be a follower of what religion
confucianism
buddhists believe that one who is enlightened escapes from the cycle of life and death and arrives at
nirvana
the earliest caves in yungang contain huge sculptures of
seated or standing buddhas
in buddhism, beings who achieve enlightenment but stay on earth to help others are known as
boddhisattvas
boy leading an ox along the farm path illustrates the daoist ideal of
humans living in harmony with nature
which religion remained a major focus of art production in china through the end of the qing dynasty
buddhism
what is the most recognizable form of buddhist architecture
the pagoda
which cave site in china was located along the silk route
caves at dunhuang
a hand gesture in buddhist sculpture is known as a
mudra
what chinese religion encouraged its followers to withdraw from public life
daoism
compared to earlier cave carvings, the proportions of the figures at the longmen caves are
more elongated
who taught that recognition of traditional roles and social hierarchy were the foundation of a healthy and just order
confucius
what type of people is depicted in the exalted gathering in the green woods
scholars
what dynasty was known as the golden age of chinese buddhism
tang dynasty
who taught, do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you
confucius
which chinese religious philosophy has a poetic and evocated text that is open to many interpretations
daoism
in which of the chinese cave sites was paint color preserved due to the dry climate
caves at dunhuang
boy leading an ox along the farm path is seen from a dramatic point of view known as
aerial perspective
in what century did the oldest datable representation of buddha in chinese art appear
4th century c.e.
the appearance of the earliest buddha figures found in cave complexes can be described as
solid and somewhat heavy