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60 Cards in this Set

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Renaissance
-Italy
-1400-1600's
-Means Rebirth
-Religious and Political artworks
-Inclued Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci
-ancient ideas were rediscovered
Leonardo Da Vinci
-Italian
-From Vinci
-1452-1519
-Famous for Mona Lisa and Last Supper
-Drew airplanes well before they were invented
-Studied human anatomy
-Wrote diaries in mirrored script
Michelangelo
-Italian
-1475-1564
-renaissance era
-considered a great master of European art
-Famous for the Sistine Chapel and David
Rembrant
-1606-1669
-Dutch
-showed subtle human emotions
-end of renissance,
-famous for the bright spotlight, but dark
-shows political scenes
-Famous for The Anatomy Lesson and Dr. Tulp
Vermeer
-1632-1672
-quite prisice
-Good representation of space
-Dutch painter
-end of Renaissance
-Famous for the Girl with a Pearl Earring
Gentileschi
-1593-1652
-Italian
-first famous woman artist
-Paintings have a "spotlight"
Modern Art
-Started in France in the 1800's
-Started to turn away from religious/political paintings
-More of what happened then
-Impressionism, Cubism, Realism, etc
Gustav Klimt
-1862-1918
-Austrian
-made murals for theaters
-Public was Harsh
-Best known for Mosiacs, and Last Kiss
-worked in gold colors
-Started the movement into modern
Impressionism
-Spontanious-rebel artists
-Includes Monet, Renior, Mary Cassatt
-general impressions what was happening
-pretty, happy, pastel
-portraits and landscapes
-blurry strokes
Douard Manet
-impressionist
-painted humans
-French
-early 1800's
-highly controversial in his time
Claude Monet
-1840-1926
-Painted his home, water lilies, haystacks
-Bright and Light Colors
-French
-distinct signature
-impressionist
Edgar Degas
-French
-Realist/Impressionist
-Painter/sculptor
-1834-1917
-Focused on movement,horses, ballet
Paul Cezanne
-"The Father of Modern Art"
-painted fifty years after the most radical change in art
-Post impressionist/cubist
-French
-1839-1906
-still life
-worked in the 1800's
Mary Cassatt
-American impressionist
-Focused on women and children
-associated with French impressionists
-1844ish-1926
Henri Matisse
1869-1954
-French
-Father of Faubism
-painted mostly women
-cut paper
-worked in the lat 1800's
-segwayed out of impressionsim and into expressionism
-Bright colors
-playful
Pointillism
-started in France
-Dots
-Primary Colors
-postimpressionism
surrealism
-founded in Paris
-Andre Breton was the founder
-based on expression of imaginiation (like in dreams)
-early 1800's
Rene Magritte
-1898-1967
-Belgin
-Played large role in the Surrealist movement
-Worked in France, 1900s
-lots of clouds
Salvador Dali
-1904-1989
-Spainard
-Large part of the Surrealist Movement
-Famous for the Persistence of Memory and Elephants
Frida Kahlo
-1907-1954
-Mexican
-Paintings done when she was sick
-Gruesome subjects, feelings that came to her when she was in pain
-made many self portraits(painted herself with a unibrow)
-Famous for Diego on My Mind, The Two Fridas
Joan Miro
-1893-1983
-Spanish
-Takes from fantasy and memory
-large range of colors
-everything from watercolors to pastles
-Famous for Carnival of Harlequin and Ubu King
Piet Mondrian
-1872-1944
-Dutch
-Pioneer in development of Abstract art
-Famous for Broadway Boogie Woogie and Composition A
-hated nature
-All his work was purely man made
Cubism
-Cubes
-Painted from all sides
-grasped all the figures of the subject
-in the 1900s
Pablo Picasso
-1881-1973
-Spanish
-one of the founders of Cubism
-Had the blue phase, the rose phase, etc.
-Famous for
Realism
-Started in France
-Realists wanted people to see things in a realistic way
-wanted to create art by observing the world
-painted things that were happening
-Iin the middle 1800s wanted to get rid of artistic tradition
-real, pretty
-moved away from religion
Edward hopper
-1882-1967
-American
-Solitude and introspection were themes
-one of the greatest modern painters
-Famous works, Gas and Nighthawks
-lonesome subjects
Andrew Wyeth
-1917-Present
-American
-"The Painter of the People"
-Realist
-focused on solitude and nature
-Famous for Winter and Christinas world
Abstract Expressionism
-Founded in America
-type of art in which the artist expresses him/herself through form adn color
-non-representational
-no actual objects
-Pollack, De Kooning were in it
-response to WW1
Kathe Kollwitz
-1867-1945
-German
-Famous for Homeless and Waiting for the Drunkard
-Produced drawings of the impact of war on women
-Not abstract, but expressionist
Jackson Pollock
-1915-1956
-Alcoholic
-no brushes
-muralist
-1940'sish
-unhappy personal life
-founder of expressionist
Duchamp
-1887-1968
-French/American
-Born in France
-art that was able to open the mind
-Famous pieces are The chess Players and The bicycle
-Ready Mades
Willem De Kooning
-1904-1997
-European-American
-born in switzerland
-abstract expressionist
-Famous for Woman and Marilyn Monroe
POP art
-emerged in the mid 1950's in England
-Reached fullest potential in NYC
-famous artists include Andy Warhol
-was everyday imagery, part =of the contemoraryconsumer culture
-includes advertisments, comics, celeb. photos, etc.
Andy Warhol
-1928-1987
-American
-captured American Culture
-famous for the Campbell's Soup cans and Celebrity Portraits
Jasper Johns Jr.
-Born in 1930-present
-American
-Used themes (flags, numbers, etc)
-Famous for Flag and 0-9
Claes Oldenburg
-Swedish-American
-1929-present
-Pop Art scultures, change common objects to constructions
-uses surprising materials
-captures ideas
-Big, FUN, playful
Minimalism
-1960-1975ish
-happened in America
-includes Judd and Stella
-Objects are stripped down to the elemental, geometric form
henry Moore
-1898-1986
-British
-works characterized by smooth organic forms
Eva Hesse
-1936-1970
-German
-Pivotal figure in international art of the 60s
-Did the most humanize minimalism without sentimentalizing it
-used resin, which is how she died
Alexander Calder
-1898-1976
-American
-First American artist of international renown
-Famous arts, Numbered One to Seven(mobile) and Boomerang
Contemporary
-outgrowth and rejection of modern art
-60-70's
-early contemporary include pop art
-mostly pure abstraction
-started in the western part of the world
-shows the psychological aspect
Astrid Bowlby
-American (still alive)
-drawing, sculpting, paper bending
-pastes shapes onto surfaces
-installation artist
-famous works include Leaves of Grass and Can't Fly, Got to Walk
Chuck Close
-1940-present
-American
-photorealistic Painter
-large portraits of photographs
-first graph artist
-Famous works are Philip Glass Painting and Slef Portrait
Anish Kapoor
-Indian
-1954-present
-Large scale sculputral works in a varity of materials
Alex Katz
-1927-present
-american
-Introduced a style of modern realism
-famous for portraits
-combines characteristics of abstraction adn representation
Andrew Goldworthy
1956-present
-Scottish
-important for his interest in the"movement, light, growth and decay" of nature
-works with only natural materials
Kara Walker
-1969-present
-African American
-Explores race, gender and sexuality
-combines the Victorian medium of silouhettes with violence and slavery as the subjects
-Famous pieces are Negress Notes and Gone
Jeff Koons
1955-presenet
-American
-focueses on sculpture in the neo pop genre
-viewers called in ironic, he didnt like that term
-Balloon Dog and Cut Out
Damien Hirst
-1965-present
-English
-Freezes animals and cuts them in half
John Bisbee
-only uses nails
-contracted through Phish to be their sculpture
Anne Harris
-painter
-works glows
-paints herself really scarily
Blind Contour
-An outline drawing
-a detailed drawng, painting, etc. done without looking at the paper or lifting the drawing tool
-thickness of lines is used to show depth
-devolps hand eye corridenations
Pencil Differences
-goes from 6b-4h
-important for black and white drawings to create different thicknesses
-6b is the softest and 4H is the hardest
-The softer the bolder of a line
-the hader the light of a line
Pure Contour drawings
-made while only looking at an object of study and not on the page
-highly distorted and inaccurate
Charcoals (Willows cs. Compressed)
Willow-
used for drawing and sketching
made from willow tree brances
very soft
used for sweeping strokes
Compressed
made from scorched blend of gas black, wood ground charcoal and clay
rich black color
hard to erase
Cross hatching
To mark or shade with two or more sets of parrell lines
Different Wire Gages
Many different sizes, thick and thin varies
-used based on what each artist wants to create
Gesture drawings
-visual training skill, careful observation
negative Space
The space between objects or parts of an object
-ends up with more accurate paintings
Sculpture Armature
twisting the wires into household equipment
-the framework around the sculputre