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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is aria form
A B A or Decappo
coffee
what does decappo mean
A B and then you go back to A
so FROM THE BEGINNING
duh
Ground bass
bass that is repeated over and over but MELODY changes
repetition
what is another word for ground bass
obstinate /persistent bass
hm
Dido's lament has what kind of melody in last notes
chromatic
what connect arias together
recitatives
fuge has what 2 things in it
subject and answer
answer is not exact
augmentation
values double in length so its played twice as slow
turtle
diminution
values go down twice as much so played twice as fast
me
stretto
when one voice interupts subject
kavir
episode
transitional material that begins after all voices have stated the subject
modulation
shift from key.. major or minor

scale
made up of basic pitches of a piece arranged from high to low
chromatic scale
uses all 12 pitches
keytone or tonic
central tone upon which a melody is built and around which other tones graivate
pitch
how high or low the sound is
tone
sound that has a definite pitch
tone color ,,, some words that describe this
quality of sound words used is bright dark brilliant mellow and rich
pitch range
the distance between the highest and lowest tones in a given instru
women's vocal ranges
highest= soprano, mezzo soprano, and alto or contra alto
men's vocal ranges
highest is tenor, baritone, and bass
string instr
violins, viola, cello, harp, piano, double bass
woodwinds
flute clarinet, bass clarinet, bassoons, contrabasson, english horn, oboes, piccolo
brass
trumpet, trombone, french horn, tuba
percussion
bass drum, cymbals, snare, timpani, glockenspiel, xylophone
keyboard
organ, piano
beat
regular recurrent pulsation which divides music into equal units of time
rhythm
flow of music through time
meter
organization of beats into regular groups
tempo
speed of beat
tempo
speed of beat
synocopation
when a accetede note comes where we would normally not expect it
accent
playing more loudly to emphasize something
staff
set of 5 horizontal lines
score
shows each different instr and what they're playing usually more than 20 staves
tenor and alto clef are they the same thign
yes
key signature
notes on a staff that are supposed to be played throughout the piece
melody
series of single notes that add up to a recogniazble whole
sequence
repititon of melodic pattern at higher or lower pitch
harmony
the way CHORDS are connected and how they follow each other
chord
combo of 3 or more tones sounded at once
triad
3 tones played at one time
triad is made up of ______ notes of a sclae
alternative..... do mi sol
a triad built on the 5th note of scale
dominant chord
pentatonic
scale with 5 notes per octave