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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rhythm
The beat/pulse of the piece or ideas within a piece of music
Semi-breve
4 beats
Dotted minim
3 beats
Minim
2 beats
Crotchet
1 beat
Quaver
1/2 beat
Semi-quaver
1/4 beat
Dotted notes
Add 1/2 value in length to the note
Syncopation
Where the musical ideas fall off-beat or swung across the main beat
Metre
The time siganture of the music
Simple time in 2
There are 2 distinct beats to each bar
Simple time in 3
There are 3 distinct beats to each bar
Pulse
The natural beat e.g. heart-beat
Accent
Making notes stronger than others, played harder!
Sforzando
Sudden burst of sound or dynamic
Accelerando
Getting faster - the tempo gets quicker
Ritenuto
Getting slower - the tempo slows down
Rubato
Where the music is smooth and has a leisurely feel to it
Harmony
Use of chords or layers in music
Tonic
Gin and tonic - Home key
Dominant
The 5th degree of the scale (+5) from the tonic key
Harmonic rhythm
How the chords move throughout the piece of music
Middle eight
A slight break from the chorus and verse towards the end of a song
Divisions
Dividing musical material
Variations
Ways in which musical material can be changed/developed
Ornamentation
Ways in which a melody can be decorated
Pizzicato
Plucking the strings with your finger creates this sound
Hook
Simple rhythmic/melodic idea
Pipe
Early Renaissance instrument very similar to recorder
Tabor
Early Renaissance percussive instrument - drum
Crumhorn
Early Renaissance brass instrument like a trumpet
Recorder
Early Renaissance instrument
Viol
Early Renaissance stringed instrument like a violin
Consort
Early Renaissance group of musicians
Lute
Early Renaissance form of guitar
Virginals
Early Renaissance keyboard instrument
Synthesiser
Modern keyboard instrument
Mixing desk
A piece of hardware that allows you to mix musical sounds
Remix
Changing the intentions of the piece of music mainly by mixing it with other music
Overlay
Layering parts over each other
Drum machine
Popular in the 1970's replaced the traditional drum kit in recording studios
Amplification
Enhancing the volume of instruments e.g. electric guitar requires amplification
Waltz
A style of music that was popular throughout the Romantic genre. Has a metre of 3/4
Pavane
A stately Baroque dance normally at a slow tempo
Galliard
Paired with the Pavane. The Galliard is faster than the Pavane - gallop
Disco
A popular 1970's dance style, popular in clubs and bars