Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/102

Click to flip

102 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ussher – (1650)
calculated date for creation at 4004bc. Extinct animals did not get on Noah’s boat.
Linnaeus – (1729)
Classification of genus and species
Hutton -(1785)
The Earth is naturally made through small increments of change
Erasmus Darwin – (1803)
Wrote poems about animas having one common ancestor and going through transformation. Overpopulation + limited resources = competition.
Lamarck
Inheritance of acquired characteristics
Malthus
Overpopulation + limited resources = competition
Lawrence – (1813)
Human differences are inherited and there can also be change through mutations, selections, and exclusions.
Lyell – (1830)
Earth changes overtime through natural processes – the earth is really old.
Darwin’s Theory
1. Natural Selection – adaptation, competition, fitness, variation, reproductive success
2. Mutation
3. Isolation
4. Gene Recombination
Mendel's Laws
1. Segregation
2. Dominance
3. Independent Assortment
Meiosis
division of sex cells (½)
Mitosis
division of sex cells (full)
Locus
place on chromosome where the gene lies
Allele
locus on just ½ of the chromosome
Genotype
description of the alleles
Ussher – (1650)
calculated date for creation at 4004bc. Extinct animals did not get on Noah’s boat.
Linnaeus – (1729)
Classification of genus and species
Hutton -(1785)
The Earth is naturally made through small increments of change
Erasmus Darwin – (1803)
Wrote poems about animas having one common ancestor and going through transformation. Overpopulation + limited resources = competition.
Lamarck
Inheritance of acquired characteristics
Malthus
Overpopulation + limited resources = competition
Lawrence – (1813)
Human differences are inherited and there can also be change through mutations, selections, and exclusions.
Lyell – (1830)
Earth changes overtime through natural processes – the earth is really old.
Darwin’s Theory
1. Natural Selection – adaptation, competition, fitness, variation, reproductive success
2. Mutation
3. Isolation
4. Gene Recombination
Mendel's Laws
1. Segregation
2. Dominance
3. Independent Assortment
Meiosis
division of sex cells (½)
Mitosis
division of sex cells (full)
Locus
place on chromosome where the gene lies
Allele
locus on just ½ of the chromosome
Genotype
description of the alleles
Phenotype
physicall expression of alleles
Paleocene
65-55mya early primates
Eocene
55-36mya prosimians
Oligocene
36-26mya monkeys
Miocene
26-12mya apes
Pliocene
12-2mya hominids
Pliestocene
2-10,000ya
Prosimians
Eyes in front
Opposable thumb and toe
Nails and pads
Dental comb
Old World Dentition
2, 1, 2, 3
New World Dentition
2, 1, 3, 3
Monkeys
Color vision
Finger Independance
Prehensile tail (NW only)
Apes
No tail
Brachiation
rotational shoulder
long collarbone
Chimp Behaviors
Females move groups
Use tools
Eat monkeys
Gorilla Behaviors
One male, multi-female group
Bachelor groups
Orangutan Behaviors
Solitary
Low energy
Afarensis
Hadar, Ethiopia
canine tooth (broken)
thick enamel
no chin
Africanus
yellow w/ jaw bone
no dimorphism
3rd molars just coming in
prognathism
rounded skull
small forehead
Robustus
big teeth
multi cusped
small sagital crest
flat face
Boisei
big sagital crest
Huge teeth
multi-cusped
really thick enamel
very flat face
Illium
the top pelvic bone
Ischium
the back pelvic bone
Pubis
the front pelvic bone
Oldowan Culture
Homo Habilis
Food sharing
Habilis
Home base
Habilis
Sex roles develop
Habilis
Acheulean Tool Culture
Homo Erectus
Hunting
Erectus
Controlled Fire
Erectus
First to leave Africa
Erectus
Blade Technology
Antecesor
Language
Neanderthals
Burials
Neandethals
La Ferrassie, France
cemetary
Teshik-Tash, Uzbekistan
a boy's grave marked by Ibex horns
Shanidar, Iraq
deformed man buried
Monte Circeo, Italy
skull w/ a circle of stones around it
Mousterian Tool Culture
Neanderthals
Aurignacian
AMH backed blade, scrapper, spear point
Solutrean
Laurel leaf spear point
Awl
Magdalenian
Atlatl
Harpoon
Art
Magdalenian
AMH
chin
round skull
forehead
Jewlery
Upper Paleolithic
Bow and Arrow
Upper Paleo
Magdalenian
Atlatl
Harpoon
Art
Magdalenian
Magdalenian
Atlatl
Harpoon
Art
Magdalenian
AMH
chin
round skull
forehead
AMH
chin
round skull
forehead
Jewlery
Upper Paleolithic
Jewlery
Upper Paleolithic
Bow and Arrow
Upper Paleo
Bow and Arrow
Upper Paleo
Sedintary
Mesolithic
Sickles/mortar and pestle
Mesolithic
Trade
Mesolithic
Domestication of animals
Neolithic
Ovens
Neolithic
Multiple rooms/floors
Neolithic PPN-B
Agriculture
Neolithic
Pottery
Neolithic PPN-B
Clovis Tool Culture
Clovis Spear Point
Folsome Tool Culture
Folsom Spear Point
Sedintary (Americas)
Archaic
Agriculture (Americas)
Woodland
Irrigation
Chaco Canyon
Writing
Mayans
City States
Mayans
Ball courts
Mayans - Chichen Itza
Calender, astronamy, arithmatic
Mayans