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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Archaeology
a method for studying past human cultures and analyzing evidence (both artifacts and sites)
Archaeological Site
a place where human activity occurred and material evidence of their occupation is left
Artifact
any object made or used by humans
Strata
several layers of the earth (plural)
Stratum
one layer of the earth (singular)
Digs
places where archaeologists dig to search for ancient artifacts, buildings, and cities
Excavation
The process of digging up the remains of the past
Fossils
The remains or imprints of once, living plants and animals
Midden
ancient people's rubbish
Chronology
The arrangement of events in the order in which they happened
Fact
Proven information...
Example- the pottery is made of clay
Feature
An object on the surface of a site that is too big to move easily. Example - a large boulder or old wall.
Epigrapher
A person who decodes ancient languages
Botanist
A person who studies and identifies plants. Can tell the archaeologist about food sources and even the climate.
Artist
A person who draws newly found objects precisely to scale
Geologist
A person who studies rock, minerals and the way land was formed. Can tell what was used to build with or make tools
Paleontologist
A person who studies the fossil remains of plants and animals.
Ceramist
A person who reconstructs pots by piecing together broken sherds. Can identify pottery by shape, design, glaze, and chemical content.
Photographer
A person who works on and off the site to show pictures of artifacts in their proper perspective. A meter stick is usually placed close to an object to show its size.
Zoologist
A person who identifies animal species and the many uses people had for the animals.
Registrar
A person who carefully catalogs and stores artifacts and keeps meticulous records.
Anthropologist
A person who studies the physical characteristics of human remains (bones)