Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/65

Click to flip

65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
SCALE
SIZE OF A SOCIETY
MOBILE HUNTER
GATHERS, FEWER THAN 100, MOBILE CAMPS
SEGMENTARY SOCIETY (TRIBES)
MAX. OF A FEW THOUSAND, SETTLED FARMERS, PERMANENT VILLAGES, SOME OFFICIALS
CHIEFDOM
5,000-20,000, RANKING, SURPLUSES, AND SPECIALIZATION, CERMONIAL CENTERS
STATE
20,000+, EMERGED 5,OOO YRS AGO, CITES, STRATIFIED SOCIETY, PUBLIC BUILDINGS
SETTLEMENT PATTERNING,
CLASSIFYING SITES INOT CATEGORIES USING DATA FROM YOUR SURVEY
CENTRAL PLACE THEORY
CITY CENTER AND THEN VILLAGES AND TOWNS EQUALLY SPACED APART
THIESSEN POLYGONS
GEOMETRICAL SHAPES THAT DIVIDE AN AREA INTO A NUMBER OF SEPERATE TERRITORIES
MONUMENTS
DEDICATED STRUCTURES TO WAR HEROS ETC.
CRAFT SPECIALIZATION
SPECIALIZING IN ONE AREA OF CRAFTWORKS
ORAL TRADITIONS
SPOKE TRADITIONS THAT ARE SOURCES OF INFO FOR SOCIAL ORG.
ARTIFACTS OF ADMISISTRATION
SEALS AND ROYAL EMBLEMS
ECONOMIC SPECIALIZATION
SPECIALIZE IN POTTERY
EMULATION
WHEN ONE SOCIETY COPIES ANOTHER
CASTING/MOLDS TECHNIQUE
CAST IN SAND,MOLD, OR LOST WAX TECHNIQUE
SLAGS
WASTE PRODUCT PRODUCED FROM SMELTING
PLATING
PUTTING A THIN LAYER OF METAL OVER SOMETHING
IRON
1000 BCE, SMELT IT TO GET IMPURITIES OUT
U SHAPED
TEETH
V SHAPED
TOOLS
SUBSISTENCE
MEANS OF SURVIVAL
MEALS
WAHT A PERSON EATS AT A SPECIFIC POINT IN TIME
DIET
PATTERN OF CONSUMPTION OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME
EXTERNAL EVIDENCE
ANYTHING THAT IS NOT ARCH
INTERNAL EVIDENCE
ECOFACTS, ARCH. OF IT
PHYTOLITHS
PARTS OF SILICA (PLANT REMAINS ON LIKE TEETH OR TOOLS)
MICROWEAR ANALYSIS
LOOKING AT MICROSCOPIC EVIDENCE OF WEAR ON AN ARTIFACT SURFACE
TAPHONOMY
LIFE HISTORY OF A BONE FROM WHEN IT IS DEPOSITED TO EXCAVATION
SEXUAL DIMORPHISM
PHYSICAL DIFFERENCE OF SEX
ANIMAL DOMESTICATION
MAKING ANIMALS EASIER TO HANDLE TO BENEFIT HUMANS
STRAIN DEFORMITIES
DISEASES RESULTING FROM DOMESTICATION
ISOTOPIC ANALYSIS
LOOKING AT TOOTH ANAYSIS
MICROENVIRONMENT
IMMEDIATE SURROUNDINGS
ENVIRONMENTAL ARCH.
RECONSTRUCTION OF HUMAN USE OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS HOW SOCIETIES ADAPTED TO CHANGING ENVIRONMENT
ISOSTATIC UPLIFT
LAND MOVES UP WHEN ICE MELTS AND LIGHTENS
TETONIC MOVEMENTS
MOVEMENT OF THE PLATES ON EARTH
GEOMORPHOLOGY
STUDY OF FORM AND DEVELOPMENT OF LANDSCAPE
SOIL MICROMORPHOLOGY
USE OF MICROSCOPIC TECHNIQUE TO STUDY NATURE AND ORGANIZATION OF COMPONENT OF SOILS
PRIMARY CULTURAL DEPOSITS
DIRECT RESULT OF HUMAN PRESCENCE
SECONDARY CULTURAL DEPOSITS
UNDERGONE MODIFICATION, MUST BE DONE BY HUMANS
TERTIARY CULTURAL DEPOSITS
PLACED IN PRIMARY, MOVED COMPLETELY TO ANOTHER PLACE
POLLEN ZONES
DIFFERENT PLANT COMMUNITIES
MICROFAUNA
SMALL BONES
MACROFAUNA
BIG BONES
COPROLITE
FOSSILIZED FECES
SET ANALYSIS
SITE EXPLOITATION TERRITORY
FIGURING OUT THE MAX AMOUNT OF AREA HUMANS HAVE EXPLOITED
POLLEN ANALYSIS
UNDERSTANDING DEFRORESTATION
INDUSTRIAL ARCH.
ARCH OF TECHNOLOGY
EOLITHS
STONE THAT ONE THINKS IT IS AN ARTIFACT BUT IT IS NOT
SYNTHETIC
MAN MADE
MINES
DUG IN CAVES TO RETRIEVE ROCKS OR MINERAL
QUARRIES
NATURALLY OCCURING FOR RETRIEVING LARGE QUANTITIES OF ROCKS
CHAINE OPERATOIRE
CHAIN OF OPERATION, SHOWS THE TOOL FROM ITS BEG. AND THE OTHER TOOLS MADE FROM IT
DEBITAGE
WASTE MATERIAL OF THE MAKING OF A STONE TOOL
ESR SPECTROSCOPY
HELPS IDENTIFY IF A STONE WAS HEATED IN ANTIQUITY
REPLICATION
RECONSTRUCTING A REPLICA OF A STONE TOOL
REFITTING
PUTTING THE STONE TOOL BACK TOGETHER
PYROTECHNOLOGY
USE OF FIRE TO MAKE SOMETHING
METALLURGY
STUDY OF METALS
FAIENCE
PRE-GLASS 3000BCE EGYPT
GLASS
2500BCE MELTING OF SAND
NON-FERROUS METAL
NO IRON IN THE METALS
ANNEALING
HEATING THEN HAMMERING A METAL
METALLOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION
LOOK AT MEATL UNDER MICROSCOPE
ALLOYING
MIXING METALS TOGETHER TO MAKE IT STRONGER