Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pre-Clovis
culture, before 11,500 RCYBP
Paleoindian
culture, 11,500 RCYBP
Archaic 1
culture, early holocene in New World, 6000B.C. to 1500-1000 B.C.
Ceramic period
culture, 2,000 RCYBP
Historic
culture, 250 RCYBP
End of Pleistocene
11,000 years ago
Holocene
8,000-3,000 years ago (North America)
12,000 BP - present (worldwide)
Archaic 2
New World, 6000 B.C. to 1500-1000 B.C.
Mesolithic
Old World, period of hunter-gatherers in Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia between end of Pleistocene and introduction of farming. Middle Stone Age
Squier and Davis
Mapped Hopewell mounds
Binford
Continuem of Hunters and gatherers: Forager ----> Collectors
Woodburn
Continuem of Hunters and gatherers: Immediate return
---> Delayed return
Bettinger
Continuem of Hunters and gatherers: Processors---> Travelers
G.P. Murdock
?????
Common cultural traits of Mesoamerican civs
vigesimal (20) #s, solar calendar, architecture, writing, ball game, religion, pantheon of gods, substitance =CRON, beans, squash; dress, trade, technology
Olmec
foundation culture, Mexico, many ideas taken from them.
Maya
not unified under one king, wrote in long count, city-states
Toltec
not much knowm. Prob formed by people leaving Teotihucan and moving towards Mexico. + Maya= Chichen 'Itza
Woodland period
1,000 B.C. Moundbuilding/ hopewell flourishing
Earthworks
mounds inside
Mounds
burials inside
Travel or trade
Most likely travel:
-no hopewell artifacts elsewhere
-travel prob by river systems
Seip Earthworks
200 burials, possible craft houses, hopewell
Small streams
mot much predates late Archaic
High Order Streams
Paleoindian/early archaic, skip late/mid archaic
Alluvial fans
many late/mid archaic or older
Mississippian Time period
900-1,500 A.D.
Aztec
Human sacrifice came to its peak. 3 groups unified under one king
Residential mobility
H-Gs whole group can get up and go at any time
types of storage
-insurance caches
-temporary caches
-seasonally enhanced
-high tech specialised seasonal
Storage correlates with:
Population and enviornment
Population jumps are associated with:
-specialisation
-specialisation + storage
-husbandry
-domestication
Mesolithic
-1st "modern" cemetaries
-origins of agriculture
Clovis
-11,200 to 10,900 BC
-"fluted" points
Lepenski Vir
-"Iron gates" = gorges
-H-Gs
-camps/fishing camps
-Vlasac site (houses)
date of Lepenski Vir and associated sites
11,000 to 5,000 BC
Catolhoyak
-Ian Hodder
-no streets
-4,500 years older than pyramids
-burials under houses
-obsidian, ceramics
-bull shrines
Mississipian
Mound builders
Cahokia, Il
mound builders site
Spiro, OK
Another mounds site
Etowah, GA
yet another mounds site
Averbuch, TN
more mounds
Cactus hill
Meadowcroft
pre-clovis