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9 Cards in this Set

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"Peace without Victory" Speech
January 22, 1917 wilson restated America's commitemnt to neutral right; only "peace without victory" would prove durable

germany responded by saying they would wage unrestricted submarine warfare (jan 31, 1917)
Germany's response to peace without victory speech
on January 31, 1917 announced that they would wage unrestricted submarine warfare, sinking any ships in the war zone
Wilson's respons to Germany's response to peace without victory speech
aked Congress for an authority to arm American merchant ships (midwestern senators try to filibuster)
Zimmerman Note

infuriated who most?
intercepted March 1, 1917

westerners infuriated
right after Zimmerman note...(2)
1. German U-boats sank four unarmed american merhcnat vessels in the first two weeks of March

2. Russia overthrew tsars; America could now fight for democracy with Allies because Russia was no longer a "black sheep"
Wilson asked for a declaration of war on...

congress approved declaration...
April 2, 1917

April 6, 1917
Wilson made US involvement a war about

1. "a war to end war"

2.a crusade to make the world safe for democracy
Fourteen points

purposes and effects?
January 8, 1918

keep Russia in the war, inspired Allies to mightier effortsl; demoralized enemy governments by appealing to their minorities
first five of the fourteen points and appeal of each
1. A proposal to abolish secret treaties (pleased liberals of all countries)

2. freedom of the seas (appealed to the germans and americans, who distrusted British sea power)

3. A removal of economic barriers among nations (comforting to Germany, which feared postwar vengeance)

4. Reduction of armament burdens (gratifying to taxpayers everywhere)

5. An adjustment of colonial claims in the interest of both native peoples and colonizers (reassuring to anti imperialists)