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13 Cards in this Set

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Stephen A. Douglas
the little giant agreed with Clay on the north and south that had to give cessions. He later helped draft the compromise of 1850
Franklin Pierce
was the dark horse for the democratic part. he was unknown and enemyless. He became a southern tool.
Zachary Taylor
The Whigs nominated General Zachary Taylor, the hero of Buena Vista in the Mexican War, a man with no political experience, but popular man, and they avoided all picky issues in his campaign.
William Seward
a young senator from New York, was flatly against concession and hated slavery, but he didn’t seem to realize that the Union was built on compromise, and he said that Christian legislators must adhere to a “higher law” and not allow slavery to exist; this might have cost him the 1860 presidential election.
James Gadsden + Gadsden Purchase
appointed minister to Mexico.
Two reasons this was the best route: (1) the land was organized meaning any Indian attacks could be repelled by the U.S. Army and (2) geography—the plan was to skirt south of the Rocky Mtns
Finding Santa Anna in power again, he bought the Gadsden Purchase for $10 million, and despite clamor about the “rip-off,” Congress passed the sale.
Popular sovereignty
the idea that issues should be decided upon by the people (specifically, it applied to slavery, stating that the people in the territories should decide to legalize it or not).
Free Soil Party
a party committed against the extension of slavery in the territories and one that also advocated federal aid for internal improvements and urged free government homesteads for settlers.
Fugitive Slave Law
of 1850 was drastic, and it stated that (1) fleeing slaves couldn’t testify on their own behalf, (2) the federal commissioner who handled the case got $5 if the slave was free and $10 if not, and (3) people who were ordered to help catch slaves had to do so, even if they didn’t want to.
Angry Northerners pledged not to follow the new law, and the Underground Railroad stepped up its timetable.
It turns out that the new Fugitive Slave Law was a blunder on behalf of the South, since it inflamed both sides, but a civil war didn’t occur, and this was better for the North, since with each moment, it was growing ahead of the South in population and wealth—in crops, factories, foundries, ships, and railroads.
Compromise of 1850
Texas lost territory to new mexico. California was a free state. Slave trade was illegal in DC. New tougher fugitive slave law. Texas gets 10 mil. Popular soviergnity in mexican lands
Free Soil Party
Disgusted antislavery Northerners organized the Free Soil Party, a party committed against the extension of slavery in the territories and one that also advocated federal aid for internal improvements and urged free government homesteads for settlers.
This party appealed to people angry over the half-acquisition of Oregon, people who didn’t like Blacks in the new territory, as well as “conscience Whigs” who condemned slavery on moral grounds.
The Free-Soilers nominated Martin Van Buren.
fire-eaters
orators and people in the south that want to leave the union.
Ostend Manifesto
Was the scandal when America tried to get cuba from Spain by requestion over 100 million dollars for it or they would rightfully sieze it because of the spanish capture of a U.S. vessel. However the document was leaked and an outrages North stopped them from getting the document signed and continue the slavocracy
Kansas Nebraska Act
which would let slavery in Kansas and Nebraska be decided upon by popular sovereignty (a concession to the South in return for giving up the railroad).
The problem was that the Missouri Compromise had banned any slavery north of the 36∞30’ line, so the act would have to repeal it.
Southerners had never thought of Kansas as a possible slave state, and thus backed the bill, but Northerners rallied against it.
Nevertheless, Douglas rammed the bill through Congress, and it was passed, repealing the Missouri Compromise.