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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Term for the South that emphasized its economic dependence on a single staple product.
Cotton Kingdom
Prosouthern New England textile owners who were economically tied to the southern "lords of the lash."
Lords of the Loom
The poor, vulnerable group that was the object of prejudice in the North and despised as a "third race" in the South.
Free blacks
Theodore Dwight Weld's powerful anti-slavery book.
American Slavery As It Is
The area of the South where most slaves were held, stretching from South Carolina across to Louisiana.
"Black Belt"
Organization founded in 1817 to send blacks back to Africa.
American Colonizations
The group of theology students, led by Theodore Dwight Weld, who were expelled for abolitionist activity and later became leading preachers of the anti-slavery gospel.
Lane Rebels
William Lloyd Garrison's fervent abolitionist newspaper that preached an immediate end to slavery.
The Liberator
Garrisonian abolitionist organization, founded in 1833, that included the eloquent Wendell Phillips among its leaders.
Antislavery Society
Strict rule passed by prosouthern Congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives.
"Gag Rule"
Northern antislavery politicians, like Abraham Lincoln, who rejected radical abolitionism but sought to prohibit the expansionism of slavery in the western territories.
Free Soilers
English novelist whose romantic medievalism encouraged the semifeudal idea of the southern planter aristocracy.
Sir Walter Scott
Author of an abolitionist novel that portrayed the separation of slave families by auction.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Visionary black preacher whose bloody slave rebellion in 1831 tightened the reins of slavery in the South.
Nat Turner
West African republic founded in 1822 by freed blacks from the United States.
Liberia
Leader of the "Lane Rebels" who wrote the powerful antislavery work American Slavery As It Is.
Theodore Dwight Weld
Wealthy New York abolitionist merchant whose home was demolished by a mob in 1834.
Lewis Tappan
Midwestern institution whose president expelled eighteen students for organizing a debate on slavery.
Lane Theological Seminary
Leading radical abolitionist who burned the Constitution as "a covenant with death and an agreement with hell."
William Lloyd Garrison
Black abolitionist writer who called for a bloody end to slavery in an appeal of 1829.
David Walker
New York free black woman who fought for emancipation and women's rights.
Sojourner Truth
Black abolitionist who visited West Africa in 1859 to examine sites where African-Americans might relocate.
Martin Delany
Escaped slave and great black abolitionist who fought to end slavery through political action.
Fredrick Douglass
Site of the last major southern debate over slavery and emancipation, in 1831-1832.
Virginia legislature
Former president who fought for the right to discuss slavery in Congress.
John Quincy Adams
Illinois editor whose death at the hands of a mob made him an abolitionist martyr.
Elijah Lovejoy
What was the slave population by 1860?
4 million
What was the North and South centered around?
Cotton
What was the average amount of Southern society that did not own slaves?
3/4 - The majority did not own slaves!
What were some ways the slaves had agency?
They would engage in work slowdowns, sabotage equipment, and "jump the broom."