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65 Cards in this Set

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Proprietary Colonies
granted to an individual or group by the British corwn, and granted full rights of self-government (like Maryland and Pennsylvania)
Royal Colonies
administered by a royal governor and having a council appointed by the British crown as well as a representative assembly elected by the people (like NY)
Charter Colony
chartered to an individual, trading co., etc (like VA or Mass, or Connecticut)
Pilgrims
Separatists who founded Plymouth. Separatists were bodies of Christians who withdrew from the Church of England b/c it had too much of the Catholic ritual going on
Trade and Navigation Acts
legislation iwth the purpose of the expansion of the English carrying trade, the provision from the colonies of materials England couldnt produce, and the establishment of colonial markets for English manufacturers. It was repealed in 1849
Bacon's Rebellion
happened in VA in 1676 because of high taxes, low prices for tobacco, and resentment towards special privileges given to those close to Gourverneur Berkely.
-breaking point cause was lack of protection against Indians on the frontier
Harvard
founded in 1636 to educate Puritan ministers
-first college, man!
William Bradford
long-time governor of Plymouth Colony who was tolerant of religions
Albany Plan
-Britain ordered for the congress during the French and Indian war.
-Representatives of the 7 colonies met in 1754 to discuss better relations w/ Indians and defense against French
-didn't really work out
City On A Hill
-term used by John Winthrop
-he warned Puritains that founding Massachusetts Bay Colony would be making a city on a hill
Phyllis Wheatly
-first African-American lit
-she wrote "Poems on Various Subjects" in 1773
Proclamation of 1763
issued by Britain, it prohibited settlement in the area beyond the Appalachians
-it was meant not to oppress, colonists, but to work out Indian issue
Battle of Saratoga
-1777
-decisive American victory (turning point of revolutionary war)
-Caused French to enter war on our side! yesss
Stamp Act Congress
-met in October of 1765
-they made the "Declaration of Rights and Grievances" and wrote letters and petitions to king and parliament
Olive Branch Petition
written in the early days ot the revolutionary war, it was a letter to King George II from members oft he 2nd Cont. Congresswho appealed to king to redress grievances and avoid more bloodshed
Pontiac's Rebellion
a war launched in 1763 by Native Americans who werent happy w/ British rule itn eh Great Lakes region follwing the French and Indian War
-it ended in a military stalemate
Gaspee Affair
-in 1772 American patriots boarded and attacked a British ship
-they were dressed like Native Americans. Cool, right?
Paxton Boys
backcountry Scotch-Irish frontiersmen from Penn. who formed a group in response to Pontiac's Rebellion
-they thought the Quaker go't was negligent in protection
-they killed Indians :(
Townshend Acts
-passed in 1767
-placed tax on common products, but it was on imports rather than direct
-smugglers avoided tax
-Sons of Liberty boycotted until only the tax on tea remained
Sugar Act of 1764
-reduced the tax, but provided that it would actually be enforced! :O
-not only on sugar, but other goods as well
Embargo Act of 1807
-prohibited all export of cargo from US ports
-designed to force Britain to do something about restrictions on American trade
-it failed...repealed in 1809
Louisiana Purchase
-got over 500 million acreas from France in 1803 at 3 cents per acre
what a deal! :)
Tecumseh
-Shawnee leader who spent much of his life attempting to rally tribes east of the Mississippi to defend land
Jay's Treaty
-1794
-attempted to clear lingering problems after revolution
-barely passed...Americans not fond of it
Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion
-1800
-Gabriel led slaves to carry it out, but torrential rain postponed it
-the masters had suspicion and alerted the VA governor (Monroe)
-he sent the state militia
American Colonization Society
founded in Liberia in 1820 for free blacks
Henry Clay
American politician who pushed Missouri Compromise and had corrupt bargain
Connecticut (Great) Compromise
in 1787, it joined the VA Plan and the NJ plan
-Roger Sherman had a role in it
VA Plan
representation based on population!
NJ Plan
equal representation!
Quasi War
-undeclared naval war between the US and France from 1798 to 1800
-fought completely at sea! that's pretty much amazing!
Treaty Alliance of 1778
a treaty between France adn the US signed in Paris on Feb. 6, 1778
-stated that the 2 countries agreed to aid eachother in the event of a British attack
-resulted from success at Saratoga
Republican Motherhood
the concept arose during and after the Revolution in colonies (later known as the US)
-belief that women had to pass on their values to the kidds
Corrupt Bargain
refers to changes by partisans of Anderew Jackson that...
-JQ Adams and Clay conspired to deny Jackson the presidency when the election of 1824 went to the House of Representatives. Oh dear.
Gibbons v Ogden
Supreme Court ruled in 1824 that the power to regulate navigation was reserved to congress by the commerce clause of the constitution
Treaty of Ghent
signed on dec. 24, 1814
-ends War of 1812 between the US and UK
Land Ordinance of 1785
adopted by congress under the Articles of Confederation
-Congress didnt have the power to get money by direct taxation of inhabitants
-they decided to raise money by selling largely unmapped territory
Critical Period
time from adoption of the Articles until the adoption of the Constitution
-1781-1789
War Hawks
wanted to got to war against britain in the war of 1812!
Three-Fifths Compromise
a compromise b/w southern and northern states reached during the 1787 Constitutional Convention in which only 3/5 of slaves would be counted for stuff
Treaty of Ghent
signed on dec. 24, 1814
-ends War of 1812 between the US and UK
Land Ordinance of 1785
adopted by congress under the Articles of Confederation
-Congress didnt have the power to get money by direct taxation of inhabitants
-they decided to raise money by selling largely unmapped territory
Critical Period
time from adoption of the Articles until the adoption of the Constitution
-1781-1789
War Hawks
wanted to got to war against britain in the war of 1812!
Three-Fifths Compromise
a compromise b/w southern and northern states reached during the 1787 Constitutional Convention in which only 3/5 of slaves would be counted for stuff
Revolution of 1800
TJ and Burr triumphed over John Adams. Down with the Federalists, and in with the Democratic-Republicans
Samuel Slater
textile pioneer who oversaw the construction of the nation's first successful water-powered cotton mill in the 1790s
Benjamin Banneker
american mathematician and astronomer who published an almanac
Marbury v Madison
established judicial review
Bank of the US
proposed by Hamilton to relieve war debt for Revoluionary War. It was chartered in 1791 for 20 years.
Yeomen Farmers
class of British landholding famers who were prosperous, mixed with the minor gentry, and even rented lands
Virginia-Kentucky Resolutions
in favor of states right and written by Tj and J. Madison in 1798
-passed in opposition to Alien and Sedition Acts
Shay's Rebellion
armed uprising in Western Mass. from 1786-1787
-Daniel Shay led some farmers who were angered by crushing debt and taxes
-they were defeated by a militia. at least they tried their hardest.
Lowell Girls
paternalistic textile factory system in early 1800s that relied almost exclusively o young, unmarried women laborers
Eerie Canal
artificial waterway 360 miles long across NY from Albany to Buffalo [ah! a buffalo!]
-constructed from 1817 to 1825 but enlarged later
Northwest Ordinance
act of Continental Congress passed in 1787 under the Articles
-it created NW Territory as first orgenized territory of the US out of region
Missouri Compromise
agreement passed in 1820 between pro and anti-slavery factions in the US
-involved regulation of slavery in the western territores
-prohibited slavery for new states north of the 36 degree 30` line
Adams-Onis Treaty
historic (obviously) agreement b/w the US and Spain that settled a border dispute in N. America b/w the two nations
American System
-economic system developed by Eli Whitney in 1799 which involved semi-skilled laborers using matching tools and templates

or....

-a plan based on the "American School" ideas of Alexander Hamilton and consisting of a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise and form a national currency.
Era of Good Feelings
1815-1824
-when partisan tensions disappeared in US politics, mainly because of the disappearance of the Federalists.
-it was a time under democratic-republicans
-ends with Corrupt Bargain

That's lovely.
Pinckney Treaty
signed in 1795, it established intentions of friendship between the US and Spain
-defined boundaries b/w US and Spanish colonies, guaranteed the US navigation rights on the Mississippi
Seneca Falls
1848
-first women's rights convention
Wilmot Proviso
first suggested in 1846 in the House 'o Reps and attached to many bills in the US
-would have outlawed slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico byt he US as a result of the war
Maine Laws
-passed in 1851
-one ofthe 1st statutory implementations of the developing temperance movement in the US
- Neal Dow forced it into existentce
-prohibited sale of alcohol
Bleeding Kansas
-sequence of violent events involving free states and proslavery elements b/w 1854 are 1858
-Brooks attacked Sumner. That was a shame.