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18 Cards in this Set

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1598
the Edict of Nantes was issued, allowing limited toleration to the French Huguenots.
1608,
France established Quebec, overlooking the St. Lawrence River.
Samuel de Champlain,
He entered into friendly relations with the neighboring Huron Indians and helped them defeated the Iroquois.


The Iroquois, however, did hamper French efforts into the Ohio Valley later.
France animal?
New France’s (Canada) one valuable resource was the beaver.
Used indians to capture them also
1682
Louisiana was founded, in 1682, by Robert de La Salle, to thwart Spanish expansion into the area near the Gulf of Mexico.
The Wars
The French-inspired Indians ravaged Schenectady, New York, and Deerfield.
peace deal in Utrecht in 1713
gave Acadia (renamed Nova Scotia), Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay to England, pinching the French settlements by the St. Lawrence. It also gave Britain limited trading rights with Spanish America.
The War of Jenkin’s Ear
Land squabble between Britain and Spain over Georgia and trading rights. Battles took place in the Caribbean and on the Florida/Georgia border. The name comes from a British captain named Jenkin, whose ear was cut off by the Spanish.
In 1754, the governor of Virginia sent 21 year-old George Washington to the Ohio country as a lieutenant colonel in command of about 150 Virginian
the troops opened fire, killing the French leader. Later, the French returned and surrounded Washington’s hastily constructed Fort Necessity, and after a 10-hour siege, made him surrender.
Indians scalping wher?
Afterwards, the frontier from Pennsylvania to North Carolina felt the Indian wrath, as scalping was everywhere.
32 year-old James Wolfe,
commanded an army that protected Quebec, met French troops near the Plains of Abraham, and in a battle in which he and French commander Marquis de Montcalm both died, the French were defeated and the city of Quebec surrendered.
peace treaty at Paris in 1763
Britain got all of Canada, but the French were allowed to retain several small but valuable sugar islands in the West Indies and two never-to-be-fortified islets in the Gulf of St. Lawrence for fishing stations.
During the French and Indian War,
Americans from different parts of the colonies found, surprisingly to them, that they had a lot in common (language, ideals), and barriers of disunity began to melt.
after French's defeat
Now that the French had been beaten, the colonists could now roam freely, and were less dependent upon Great Britain.
In 1763,
Ottawa chief Pontiac led a few French-allied tribes in a brief but bloody campaign through the Ohio Valley, but the Whites quickly and cruelly retaliated after being caught off guard. blankets with smallpox.
in 1763, Parliament issued its Proclamation of 1763
prohibiting any settlement in the area beyond the Appalachians.
firsdt french to leave canada
The first French to leave Canada were the Acadians.
In 1763
a second group of French settlers in Quebec began to leave, heading toward New England because bad harvests led to lack of food in Quebec.