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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
8 Levels of Structural Organization are:
organ system
What defines "Complementarity of structure and function"?
function always reflects structure
What is homeostasis? And what are the mechanisms used to maintain homeostasis?
The ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions despite a changing environment.

control center-analyzes input determines response

receptor-(afferent)sensor that monitors the changes

effector-(efferent)provides the means for the cc to cause a response
5 survival needs

8 Maintenance of life characteristics
1. nutrients 2. oxygen 3. water 4. body temp 5. atmossperic pressure

1. maintain boundaries 2. movement 3. responsiveness 4. digestion 5. metabolism 6. excretion 7. reproduction
8. growth
Sudvisions of anatomy

Subdivisions of microscopic anatomy
Gross (Macroscopic)

Cytology-study of cells
Histology-study of tissues
Describe Anatomical Position
1. body erect
2. face forward
3. upper limbs on sides
4. palms facing foward
5. lower limbs parallel
6. feet facing forward/heels slightly erect
2 closed body cavities in the axial portion of the body
Dorsal (back-posterior) Body Cavity

Ventral (front-anterior) Body Cavity
Subdivsions of the dorsal cavity and the organs within the cavity
Cranial -Brain

Vertebral- Spinal Cord

both are continous with ea other
Subdivisions of the ventral cavity and organs within the cavity
Thoracic- lateral-1 lung, pleural 1 lung, medial mediastinum - heart, esophagus, trachea, etc...

Abdominopelvic- Abdomianl - stomach, intestines, spleen, liver

Pelvic - bladder, rectum, and some reproductive organs
Types of serosa and what they do
parietal-"wall" lines cavity walls, forms on itself to form:

visceral -covers organs within the cavity
Keeps organs from sticking together
serous fluid/serous membranes
name the areas covered:

parietal pericardium
visceral pericardium
parietal pleura
visceral pleura
lines outside of the heart
covers the heart
lines outside of lungs
covers the lungs
seperates the dorsal and ventral body cavities
How many abdominopelvic Quadrants and name them

RUQ- right upper quadrant
RLQ- right lower quadrant
LUQ- left upper quadrant
LLQ- left lower quadrant