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35 Cards in this Set

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specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achievement, that prompts goal-directed behavior
motive
feeling, such as fear, joy, or surprise, that underlies behavior
emotion
inborn, inflexible, goal-directed behavior that is characteristic of an eniter species
instinct
state of tension or arousal that motivates behavior
drive
theory that motivated behavior is aimed at reducing a state of bodily tension or arousal and returning the organism to homeostasis
drive-reduction theory
state of balance and stability in which the organism functions effectively
homestasis
an unlearned drive, such as hunger, that is based on a physiological state
primary drive
a learned drive, such as ambition, that is not based on a physiological state
secondary drive
theory of motivation that propose organisms seek an optimal level or arousal
arousal theory
States that theere is an optimal level or arousal for best performance of any task; the more complex the task, the lower the level of arousal that can be tolerated before performance deteriorates
Yerkes-Dodson law
external stimulus that prompts goal-directed behavior
incentive
a desire to perform a behavior that stems from behavior performed
intrinsic motivation
a desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment
extrinsic motivation
a serious eating disorder that is associated with intense fear of weight gain and a distorted body image
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by binges of eating followed by self-induced vomiting
bulimia
the primary male sex hormone
testosterone
behavior aimed at doing harm to others; also the motive to behave aggressivley
aggression
the need to excel, to overcome obstacles
achievement motive
the need to be with others
affiliation motive
order of Maslow's hierarchy or needs
physiological needs > safety needs > belongingness needs > esteem needs > self-actualization needs
specific need or desire, such as hunger, thirst, or achievement, that prompts goal-directed behavior
motive
feeling, such as fear, joy, or surprise, that underlies behavior
emotion
inborn, inflexible, goal-directed behavior that is characteristic of an eniter species
instinct
state of tension or arousal that motivates behavior
drive
theory that motivated behavior is aimed at reducing a state of bodily tension or arousal and returning the organism to homeostasis
drive-reduction theory
state of balance and stability in which the organism functions effectively
homestasis
an unlearned drive, such as hunger, that is based on a physiological state
primary drive
a learned drive, such as ambition, that is not based on a physiological state
secondary drive
theory of motivation that propose organisms seek an optimal level or arousal
arousal theory
States that theere is an optimal level or arousal for best performance of any task; the more complex the task, the lower the level of arousal that can be tolerated before performance deteriorates
Yerkes-Dodson law
plutchiks eight basic emotions
anger, disgust, sadness, surprise, fear, acceptance, joy, anticipation
states that stimuli cause physiological changes in our bodies, and emotions result from those physiological changes
James-Lange theory
states that the experience of emotion occurs simultaneously with biological changes
Cannon-Bard theory
states that emotional experience depends on one's perception or judgement of the situation one is in
Cognitive theory
culture-specific rules that govern how, when, and why expressions of emotion are appropriate
display rules