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17 Cards in this Set

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Determining what is right or good solely on the basis of the momentary context; this implies that what is right or good today in one situation may not be right tomorrow in another set of circumstances.
Situational Ethics
A type of ethical problem that occurs when a person who has made an ethical commitment or promise to act in the interests of another person or group, violates that promise and acts in his or her personal interests instead.
Conflict of Interest
The reasoned study of what is morally right and wrong, good and bad.
Ethics
Moral questions or problems; situations or actions that contain legitimate questions of moral right or wrong.
Ethical Issues
Informed and logical thought, or logical problem solving.
Critical Thinking
The actual use of moral standards of behavior in making decisions about human problems
Applied Ethics
Behaviors that are judged to be consistent with ethical thinking and decision making
Morals
General guidelines of ethical behavior; the "should" statements of ethics.
Ethical (or moral) principles
Character traits that make up a moral life.
Virtues
Moral qualities that are considered important and worthy.
Values
Conclusions as to whether specific actions are ethically right or wrong.
Moral judgments
Ethical theories that base moral judgments on factors OTHER THAN the results or outcomes of actions.

These are the factors can include duties, obligations, rights, laws of nature, or social contracts.
Non-Sequential Ethical Theories
Commendable character traits (Virtues) - Virtue Ethics Theory

Laws of nature - Natural Law Theory

Individual rights - Natural Rights Theory

Ethical duties and obligations - Kant’s Theory

Social contracts - Contractarianism
Ethical theory of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle which focuses primarily on personal character; becoming the right kind of person by developing certain virtuous character traits
Virtue Ethics
Courage, Justice, Self-Control, Wisdom
theory emphasizes conduct based upon the perceived order inherent in the universe
natural law
theory emphasizes the exclusive protection of and reliance upon basic human rights. John Locke’s key principle is the fundamental duty to avoid violating the right of others.
natural rights
theory bases moral right and wrong on self-derived, universal, moral duties determined through reason and intuition
Kant's theorry
theory bases ethics on the values of justice and fairness, providing processes to help people understand what an ideal, fair solution would be
contractarianism