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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Articulation
A joint, or where 2 bones meet
Synovial Joint
Free movement joint,
complex joint bounded by joint capsule and containing synovial fluid
Synovial Fluid
Lubrication, acts as shock absorber
Accessory structures of synovial joints
Cartilages, fat pads, ligamentes, tendons, bursae
Gliding (linear) motion
2 opposing surfaces glide past one another.
(carpals, tarsals, clavicle and sternum)
Flexion
Reduces the angle between articulating elements
Extension
Increases the angle between articulating elements
Abduction
Away from the midline
Adduction
Toward the midline
Circumduction
Moving of arm in a loop (EX)
Internal rotation
anterior aspect of limb rotates inward
External rotation
Anterior aspect of limb rotates outward
Pronation
Palm is turned backward
Supination
Palm is turned forward