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23 Cards in this Set

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Antibodies
Specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
Anticodon
A three-neucleotide sequence on tRNA
Centromere
Constricted region of a chromosome and the point at which duplicate DNA strands attach themselves
Chromosome
A strand of DNA coiled around and supported by proteins, found in the nucleus of the cell
Codon
A sequence of three neucleotides on mRNA that refer to a specific type of amino acid
Diploid cell
A cell whose chromosomes come in homologous pairs
Diploid chromosome number (2n)
The total number of chromosomes in a diploid cell
Environmental factors
Those "non-biological" factors that are involved in a person's surroundings such as the nature of the person's parents, the person's friends, and the person's behavioral choices
Gametes
Haploid cells (n) produced by diploid cells (2n) for the purpose of reproduction
Gene
A section of DNA that codes for the production of a protein or a portion of protein, thereby causing a trait (197)
Genetic factors - The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
Genetic factors
The general guideline of traits determined by a person's DNA
Genetics
The science that studies how characteristics get passed from parent to offspring
Haploid cells
Cells that have only one of each chromosome
Haploid chromosome number (n)
The number of homologous pairs in a diploid cell
Interphase
The time interval between cellular reproduction
Karyotype
he figure produced when the chromosomes of a species during metaphase are arranged according to size
Meiosis
The process by which a diploid (2n) cell forms four gametes (n)
Messenger RNA
The RNA that performs transcription
Mitosis
The duplication of a cell's chromosomes to allow daughter cells to receive the exact genetic makeup of the parent cell
Mother cell
A cell ready to begin reproduction, containing duplicate DNA and centriole
Spiritual factors
The quality of a person's relationship with God
Vaccine
A weakened or inactive version of a virus that stimulates the body's production of antibodies which can destroy the virus
Virus
A non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics: (1) It has genetic material inside a protective protein coat (2) It cannot reproduce itself