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159 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sebaceous glands and hair are what tissue type
Dermis layer is what tissue type
arrector pili muscles are what tissue type
Meissner Corpuslces and Pacinian Corpuslces are what tissue type
skin, hair and nails is what system
integumentary system
integumentary system function
protects deeper tissues, synthesize Vitamin D, site of cutaneous receptors, sweat and oil glands
heart and blood vessels
cardiovascular system
cardiovascular system function
blood vessels transport blood wich carries o2, co2, nutrients & waste; heart pumps blood
red bone marrow, thymus, lymphatic vessels, thoracic duct, spleen & lymph nodes
lymphatic system
lympatic system functions
picks up fluid leaks from blood vessels & returns, disposes of debris in lympatic stream, houses WBC (lymphocytes), involved in immunity
nasal cavitity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchus & lungs
respiratory system
respiratory functions
keeps blood constantly supplied with o2, & removes co2, gas exchange occurs through the walls of the air sacs of the lungs
oral cavity, esophagus, liver, stomach, small & large intestine, rectum, anus
digestive system
digestive system functions
breaks down food into absorable units, enter blood for distribution to body cells, indigestible food elimated as feces
kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
urinary system
urinary system functions
eliminates nitrogenous waste from body; regulates H20, electrolytes and acid/base balance of the body
2 layers of the dermis
papillary layer
reticular layer
5 layers of thick skin epidermis
stratum corneum
stratum lucidum
stratum granulosum
stratum spinosum
stratum basale
What layer is NOT part of thin skin
statum lucidum
These are for deep pressure
Pacinian Corpuscle
What is about the hair bulb
sebaceous gland
prostate, penis, testis, mammary glands, ovary, vagina, uterus
reproductive system
reproductive system functions
production off spring, sperm/egg production, sex hormones
dermis is what tissue type
connetive tissues
epidermis is what tissue type
hypodermis is what tissue type
connective tissue
hair is what tissue type
sweat glands are what tissue type
sebaceous glands are what tissue type
arrector pili muscles are what tissue type
smooth muscle
the horny layer 20-30 cells thick
stratum corneum
clear layer only in thick skin
stratum lucidum
think layer, 3-5 cell layers thick
stratum granulosum
prickly layer, serveral cell layers thick
stratum spinosum
corrugated cardboard layer, single row, germinativum
stratum basale
areolar CT in which collagen and elastin fibers form a loosely woven mat that is heavily invested with blood vessels
Papillary layer of dermis
80% of thickness, dense irregular connective tissue, netowrk of blood vessels that nourish this layer and the hypodermis; interlacing collagen fibers that run in various planes, most run parallel to the surface
reticular layer of dermis
subcutaneous layer of hypodermis is what tissue type
connective tissue
tube looking in hypodermis reticular layer of dermis are what
sweat glands
light touch receptors
Meissner's corpuscles
deep touch pressures receptors
Pacinian corpuscles
what is between the shaft and bulb of the hair
hair follicles
root and bulb is what type of tissue
connective tissue
what are the hair raising muscles
arrector pili muscles
fibrous protein found in the epidermis, hair and nails that makes those structures hard and water repellent; precursor is keratohyaline
oily secretion of sebaceous glands
increase friction and enhance the gripping ability of the finger and feet
epidermal ridges
white blood cells
granules appear in cytoplasm when stained
no granules are observed in cytoplasm when stained
three types of granulocytes
two types of agranulocytes
multi-lobed nucleous (3-5), lighter purple, most abundant; phagocytotic
bi-lobed (2) nucleous, stain pink; break down histamine
lobed nucleus, hard to see due to many granules, darker blue; release histamine and heparin
nucleus fills up 95% of cell, halo of cytoplasm, same size as RBC; immune response
massive, U shape nucleus; transportation
blood is what tissue type
connective tissue
red blood cells
donut shape, thick and round on the outside
smallest, thrombocytes; used in blood clotting
blood platelets
veins take blood ___ from the heart
artieres take blood ___ from the heart
the heart is housed in the ___
the tricuspid is in what ventrical
the bicuspid is in what ventrical
seperating the right and left ventricles is the
interventricular septum
the heart muscle is known as
blood platelets
the sac that is white on the cadavers
pericaridal sac
the layer of the sac that touches the heart
visceral pericardium
the ear like pieces on the right and left atriums
the large vessel on the posterior side
coronary vessel
splits the atrium and ventricles roughly
coronary sulcus
the visceral pericardium on the heart is known as
what is the layer of the heart on the inner most surface
what three structures come out of the top together
brachiocephalic artery
right common carotid artery
right subclavian artery
"baby thing" that goes between aortic trunk and pulmonary trunk
ligamentum arteriosum
the ligamentum arteriosum is the result of what fetal structure
ductus arteriosus
what is under the auricles to make them "work"
pectinate muscles
tricuspid valve is in what ventricle
3 chords that come down from cuspid vavles
chordae tendineae
the texture inside the heart, with the endocardium
trabeculae carneae
the valve in the pulmonary artery is the
pulmonary semilunar valve
the bicuspid valve is in what ventricle
what valve is in the aorta
aortic semilunar valve
specialized connections between myocardial cells containing gap junctions and desmosomes
intercalated discs
how many papillary muscles in the right ventricle
how many papillary muscles in the left ventricle
what is the function of the coronary vessels
to supply the heart with blood and nutrients
the ligamentum arteriosum is where
between the aortic arch and the pulmonary trunk
what are the formed elements of blood
erythrocytes (RBC)
leukocytes (WBC)
straw colored, sticky fluid, mostly water, non protein nitrogenous plamsa proteins, nutrients, electrolytes, respiratory gases and hormones
blood plasma
blood cell formation; occurs in red bone marrow
what are platelets made up of
the outer layer of CT with collagenous fibers and abudent elastic fibers
tunica externa of vessel
thickest layer of artery, thinner in veins, largely composed of smooth muscle
tunica media
closest layer to the blood of a vessel
tunica interna
two types of tissue the tunica interna is made up of
connective tissue (deep, subendothelial CT)
membrane between the tunica interna and the tunica media; usually only in medium to large arteries
internal elastic membrane
delivers oxygen poor blood to the lungs and brings oxygen rich blood from the lungs back to the heart
pulmonary circulation
What is the fetal shunting system between the right and left atriums
foramen ovale
What does the foramen ovale become after birth
fossa ovalis
delivers oxygen rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body and brings oxygen poor blood from the rest of the body to the heart.
systemic circulation
blood in the left ventricle of the heart will enter ___ circulation
equivalent to one complete heart beat during which both atria and both ventricles contract and relax
cardiac cycle
period when either the ventricles or the atria are contracting (higher #)
peroid of the cardiac cycle when either the ventricle or the atria are relaxing (lower #)
side of neck artery
carotid artery
anterior to ear, in temple region artery
temporal artery
in the antecubital fossa (elbow) artery
brachail artery
at the lateral aspect of the wrist artery
radial artery
clenching the teeth, in line with teh corner of the mouth artery
facial artery
at the back of the knee artery
popliteal artery
on the dorsum of the foot artery
dorsalis pedis artery
"lup" sound
ventricular pressure above artial pressure
"dup" sound
semilunar valve snaps shut, begin vetricular relaxation
abnormal heart sounds
the pressure the blood exerts against any unit area of the blood vessel walls, and it is generally measured in the arteries; meaured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg)
blood pressure
instrument used to take blood pressure reading
the pressure in the arteries at the peak of ventricular contraction
systolic pressure
the pressure during ventricular relaxation
diastolic pressure
Normal blood pressure is
Pulse pressure is calculated by
MAP is what
mean arterial pressure
MAP is calculated by
DP + 1/3 pulse pressure
blood pressure would ___ with long exposures to cold temperatures
raise, more blood needed to maintain body temperature and the cold causes the arteries to constrict
a vein that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
pulmonary veins
a vein that goes throughout the body
systemic veins
sounds that are heard in the stethoscope
Korotkoff sounds
1st Korotkoff sound is the
4th Korotokoff sound is the
pressure that propels the blood to the tissues
mean arterial pressure (MAP)
narrowing of the blood vessels
the art of listening for sounds make by internal organs, such as the heart and lungs, to aid in the diagnosis of certain disorders; "to listen"
the smallest of blood vessels and the site of exchange between the blood and tissue cells
more pressure is in the
lumen is larger in, appears flat and collapsed, has large blood volume but is only partially filled
valves are found in
posterior intercostal arteries are found where
lining ribs
the ___ artery on the left is an individual, on the right is found with 2 other trunks, which are___ and ___

brachiocephalic artery
common carotid artery
in the armpit region the subclavian artery becomes _____
axillary artery
after passing the pectoralis major muslce the axillary artery becomes the
brachial artery
after the subcubital fossa region (elbow), the brachial artery splits to become the ___ and ___
radial artery (thumb)
ulnar artery (pinky)
the radial artery and ulnar artery join together in the hand to become the
superficial palmar arch
the vein on the top of the spine that drains into the superior vena cava is the
azygos vein
the large vein in the arm is the arm that runs the distance and joins another at the H is the
basilic vein
the ___ vein runs into the head
internal jugular vein
the vein that runs through the deltoid muscles, the length of the arm is the
cephalic vein
the conncection point of the basilic vein and cephalic vein is the
median cubital vein
the inferior vena cava branches from the heart into the ___
common iliac vein
the ___ vein becomes the femoral vein
external iliac vein
the femoral vein continues to the back of the knee to become the
popliteal vein
the popliteal vein branches into the ___
posterior tibal vein
the posterior tibial vein has 2 branches off of it, the first is the ____, the second is the ___
anterior tibal vein
fibular vein (peroneal vein)
the common iliac artery splits off the ___
abdominal arota (descending aorta)
once the external iliac artery passes the ing. ligament it becomes the
femoral artery
long skinny vein the whole lenth of the leg, dumps into the femoral
greater saphenous vein
short, skinny vein that dumps into the popliteal vein
lesser (small) saphenous vein