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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
an organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
interest groups
something of value one can't get without joining an organization
incentive
the social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations
solidary incentives
money or things values in monetary terms
material incentives
a benefit that comes from serving a cause or incentive
purposive incentive
political organizations that attract members by appealing to their political convinctions or principals
ideological interest groups
a political organization whose goals will principally benefit nonmembers
public-interest lobby
a widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order
social movement
a signal telling a legislator what values are at stake in a vote, and how that issue fits into his or her own political views on party agenda
political cue
assessments of a representative's voting record on issues important to an interest group
ratings
What are the three reasons why interest groups are common in the US?
1. More political cleavage means more greater variety of interests.
2. We have multiple officials to go to for our political interests
3. Interest groups have more power than political parties
What are four factors that contribute to the birth of interest groups?
1. broad economic developments
2. government policies giving power to certain groups to make decisions about professional areas
3. need leadership and money (usually from young people)
4. More government activities = more groups
How does the size of an interest group affect the issues they work for?
Small interest groups work on more issues because everyone is united in what they want done.
Large issue groups work on less issues because there are so many people in the group and they want to prevent in-fighting.
What does it mean when America is called a "nation of joiners"?
Americans have a high tendency to join religious, civic, or political associations than any other country.
What are the three types of incentives to join an interest group?
Solidary, material, and purposive
What is the special differences between the types of incentives to join an interest group?
Solidary- only works face to face, lure people in through chapters of a whole big organization
Material- gives discounts and insurance to members, most members only join for that so they don't work
Purposive- Passionate, small in numbers
What do conservative interest groups do to get their goal across?
Research or sue until their rights are upheld or created.
What is the influence of the staff and in which type of incentive is it more powerful?
Interest groups reflect more what the staff thinks than the members.
Material incentives
How do social movements start up?
They are highly unpredictable but are sometimes triggered by scandals or actions of affluent people.
The three kinds of feminist movements depend on the different incentives. Describe how they handle issues.
Solidary incentives- have to avoid group-tearing issues

Purposive incentives- have to take strong issues with strong action, but can't control the local chapters

Material incentives- not really said but it is important to note that they are funded by the government
When did Union Movements first occur?
During the Great Depression
What are Union Movements like now?
Since the Great Depression, membership has declined. But they still survive because many people with incentives join.
How do interest groups receive funding?
Foundation Grants, Federal Grants & Contracts, Direct Mail
How do interest groups receive funding through federal grants and contracts?
Government can't fund the group itself but they can fund the activities such as community service.
How do interest groups make direct mail appeal to recipients?
1. Put teasers on the front (such as a hero, like MLK)
2. Put the demon on the front (like a badly hated polititian)
3. Use a famous name endorsement
4. Personalize by addressing personally
How do interest groups control information to politics?
They are the only ones with specific recent info pertaining to their agenda
When people who supply info are advantageous because they are the only ones with trusted information
Client Politics
What is the basis of grassroot lobbying?
-Senators only deal with interest groups they like and vice versa
-Groups have to take action to take the vote of an undecided
-Embarass enemies
How are grassroot politics viewed today?
Groups have been emphasizing grass root politics.
What is the least effective way to advance a cause?
Money
What are the reasons to make trouble in politics (exp: protests)?
1. Disrupt work so people will listen
2. Enlist third party help
Why do polititians hate trouble making in politics (exp: protests)?
It's a no win situation. If they address the situation, the opposing side will be angry, if they don't address the situation, they will be viewed as heartless.
How are interest groups not shot down?
Protected by the 1st amendment
1946 Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act
-must register group to Congress
-submit financial reports
-restrict direct contact with officials
Current definition of a lobbyist
-spends 20% of time lobbying
-paid at least $5000 to lobby for 6 months
-corporations who spent $20,000 on lobbying for 6 months