• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/35

Click to flip

35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A loss or total lack of appetite.
anorexia
The audible rumbling sounds of gas moving through the intestinal tract. This is the plural form. The singular form is blank
borborygmi
borborygmus .
A shivering or a shaking.
chills
Shivering or trembling, usually accompanied by fever; also called chills
rigor
This term could be classified as either a symptom or a disease. Patients can subjectively relate that they are experiencing the discomfort of constipation, and it can also be the diagnosis.
constipation
Constipation that continues for a prolonged period of time.
obstipation
This is a subjective feeling of difficulty swallowing. It occurs when there is impaired progression of the food bolus from the pharynx to the stomach.
dysphagia
An elevation in temperature above normal. This is also called pyrexia. If a patient has a fever, physicians will usually refer to that patient as being febrile.
fever
Not having a fever.
afebrile
Gas produced by bacterial action on waste matter in the intestines. Composed primarily of hydrogen sulfide and methane
flatus
The feeling of excessive gas in the colon.
bloating
Expressing of excessive gas through the mouth.
belching
Expressing of excessive gas through the anus.
flatulence
A retrosternal sensation of burning felt in waves and arising upward toward the neck.
heartburn
Vomiting of blood.
hematemesis
The passage of bloody stools
hematochezia
Melan(o)- is a combining form that means black. The term melena refers both to the passage of dark and pithy stools stained with blood pigment, and black vomit. Although the combining form is spelled with an A, it is important to note that the term melena or melenic stools is spelled with an E.
melena
An unpleasant sensation in the epigastric and abdominal area, which often results in vomiting.
nausea
Pain during swallowing.
odynophagia
Paleness or the absence of skin color.
pallor
Flow in the opposite direction than is normal.
regurgitation
Straining, especially ineffective and painful straining during a bowel movement or urination.
tenesmus
Also called emesis. The forcible expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth. (Try not to think about it.)
vomiting
Lacking physical strength.
weakness
This is self-explanatory: losing pounds
weight loss
This is a mental condition characterized by an individual's refusal to eat enough to maintain a minimal body weight, usually fueled by an intense fear of becoming obese.
anorexia nervosa
This is an impairment of normal esophageal peristalsis. (You may remember that peristalsis is the movement of the muscles in the alimentary canal to propel the food bolus.) It also affects the ability of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax. The most common symptoms are dysphagia, regurgitation, nocturnal cough, and chest pain.
achalasia
Inflammation of the vermiform appendix. (The term appendix is actually a general term which means a supplementary, accessory, or dependent part of a main structure.) This is the first, but many individual structures which are found in the body (GI system and elsewhere) can be individually affected by infection which causes inflammation. You will notice that the suffix -itis appears in several disease processes.
appendicitis
The vermiform appendix specifically identifies the diverticulum of the cecum. However, healthcare professionals commonly drop the term vermiform when referring to this particular appendix
vermiform
The absence or closure of a normal body orifice or tubular organ.
atresia
Tightly packed, partially digested agglomerations of hair or vegetable matter. Seeds, bubble gum, medication, and other materials can mimic true bezoars.
bezoar
A type of food poisoning caused by the production of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum in improperly canned foods. It is characterized by vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty seeing, dryness of the mouth and pharynx, dyspepsia, cough; it often results in death.
botulism
This is another term for cleft lip or harelip. It is a congenital abnormality.
cheiloschisis
Inflammation of the gallbladder. There are different types of cholecystitis, the most common being chronic and acute. An acute infection generally indicates severe infection and often necessitates a cholecystectomy, which is removal of the gallbladder. This is an extremely common procedure.
cholecystitis
The presence or formation of gallstones.
cholelithiasis