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33 Cards in this Set

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breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid, enzymatic steps breaks the 6-carbon glucose
glycolysis
a six carbon glucose is broken down into two ________
three carbon molecuels fo pyruvic acid
for each glucose molecule ____ ATP is made
36 ATP
how many ATP are made from glycolysis?
2
How many ATP are generated from the NADH generated in glycolysis?
4
ATP in TCA cycle?
2- (means og GTP)
ATP in ETS
28
synthesis if lipids, nonessential fatty acids, and steroids
begin with Acetyl CoA
T/F: cell can build every fatty acid that they break down.
False...canot build every FA it breaks down
18 Carbon FA cannot be be built
Linoleic Acid and Linolenic acid
must be included in teh diet because the body does not make them
essential fatty acids
contain TRI(made by liver), phospholipids, and cholesterol, transport TRI to periferal tissues
VLDL
cholesterol, and phospholipids, transport cholesterol from tissues to liver
HDL
"good cholesterol"
HDL
cholesterol that is brung back to the liver is synthesized into _____
bile
removal of an amino group
first step, requires coenzyme called pyridoxine
attaches the amino group of an amino acid to a keto scid
transamination
converts keto acid into an amino acid
transamination
amino acid can enter the cytosol and be used for
protein synthesis
removal of an amino group and H
Deamination
generates ammonia molecule or ammonium ion
Deamination
converts ammonia to urea
liver
urea is ecreted in the
urine
reaction cycle involved in the production fo urea
Urea Cycle
5% of total liver weight is
glycogen
glycogenisis occus in the
liver
lots of glucose in bldstream
liver cells use glucose to synthesis TRI
as a person gets larger
surface area increase more than volume
heat is generated by
volume
heat is lost at
body surface
who loses more heat small or large individuals
small
infants loos heat quickly due to their
small size
tempreture-regualting mechanisms are not fully functional at
birth