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120 Cards in this Set

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Grandson of Chandragupta Maurya. conquered realm of Kalina in 206BCE. rock&pillar edicts. ruled during peak of dynasty
Ashoka Maurya
High quality silk production was
introduced to the Byzantine empire by 2 Christian monks
Throughout most of history the Capital of Byzantine empire was
Constantinople
Caesaropapism refers to the fact that Byzantine emperors
claimed divine favor and sanction
T/F. Empress Theodora was the dominant politcal figure of her age, controlling the empire from behind the scenes
F
Emperor Justininan is best remmbered for his
codification of Roman law known as the Body of the Civil Law
Under the theme system
free peasants recieved allotments of land in exchange for military service
battle of Keidon in 1014BCE was fought between
Byzantium and the Bulgars
T/F. An economic policy in the Bzyantium empire was preventing business partnerships to encourage individual investment.
F
How did the spanish rabbi Benjamin of Tudela describe Constantinople?
as the place with greatest entertainment
After the 6th century, well educated Byzantines'
read commentaries on Greek classics
Emperor Leo reigned 717-741 launched a campaign of iconoclasm beacuse
he thoguth veneration of religeous images was sinful almost like worship of physcial idols
T/F. Byzantine monasteries were not centers of thought and learning
T
in 1504CE, Byzantine patriarch and the pope of rome excommunicated each other beacuse of their disaggrements over matters of
who had authority over thier jurisdiction
From 11th century, serious domestic problems of Byzantine was
decline of free peasantry in both number and prosperity
The crusades launched by Western europeans in the 12th and 13th centuries were
to recapture Jerusalem from Muslim control.
carved out states in parts of Byzantine empire
sacked Constantinople
strengthened economic positions in Mediterranean
people who brought down Byzantine empire were...
Ottoman Turks
How did Alexius I deal with Bogomil herectics?
condemned them to death by crucification
Princes of whcih city state establisehd caesaropapist control in Russian Orthodox Church?
Kiev
139 BCE chinese emperor dispatched Zhang Qian to central Asia to
seek allies against the Xiongu
Favorable conditons for long-distance trade during classical era was
empires ruled over vast areas adn maintained good social order
under imperial rule, many roads and bridges were built
Central Asia was pacified by campaigns of Han Wudi
Ptolemies figured out monsoon system
monsoon winds in INdian Ocean
tied southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and east Africa together in maritime trade route
principle angents for spread of buddhism over silk roads were
merhcants
christian societies in Mesopotamia and Iran deeply influenced Christian practices in the Roman empire through thier
ascetic values
Mani, founder of Manicheism promoted a syncretic blend of
Zoroastrianism, Christianity, adn Buddhism
Manicheism promoted
ascetic lifestyle, struggle between good and evil, individual salvation, strict moral code of behavior
After dissolution of Han empire
China was divided into 3 large kingdoms
T/F. Threats of epicdemic diseases turned hte Chinse into Buddhism for personal salvation
F
T/F. before the Visigoths invaded Rome, they did not adopt official roman langage and social customs
T
Huns contribute to fall of western Roman empire by
pressing Germanic peopels into western Roman empire
Emperor who allow Christians to pracitce faith openly for first time
Constantine
In the early Christian churhc the heirarchy
had Bishops presiding over religeious affairs of diocese
bishop of Rome known as Pope
5 top religeous authorites
church officials met in councils to resolve theological disputes
St.Cyprian's view abotu teh epidemic of 251BCE was that
it was a welcome events for servants of God
SIlk Roads after decline of Han and Roman empires
had less activity but was revivied in 6th century CE
Homer's Odyssey adn Illiad protrayed Greeks as
expert and fearless seafarers
Myceanaen and Minoan societies both
built palaces
By tyrants the Greeks meant
ambitious politicians who gained power by irregular means
In Spartan life
boys were taken from paretns for military traiining
young married women did not live wtih husbands
helots were unfree servants of the spartan state
exercise for girls was encouraged to bear strong children
An Athenian political leader was
Pericles
In Athenian democracy
all citizens were quallified to join the city councils
Greeks found many colonies along shores of Medditerranean adn Black Sea because
of population pressure
Greek colonization did not
disrupt commerce and trade
Delian league was created to
discourage further Persian invasions
Peloppenisian War was fought between
two groups of Greek adversaires under leaadership of Athens and Sparta
Freedom and independence of Greek poleis fell under
Phillip II by 338 BCE
By 327 BCE Alenxander's troops refused to go any further than
India
The Alexandria of Egypt was not an
original colony of Athens
Greek penisula was
ideal of cultivating olives and grapes
Greek philopshy is rational because
based on human reason
Plato did not beleive that
democracy could make the philospher king possible
respected adn influential Hellenistic thinkers were
Stoics
Socrates view of death was
no evil can happen to a good man either in lfie or in death
Religeon in Hellenistic society
possiblity of eternal bliss
Cult of Orisis
belief in savior who dies and is resurrected
faith spread along trade routes
Tribunes were officials elected to protect rights of
plebians
This led to assasination of Tiberius adn Gaius Gracchus
their attempts at redistributing land
66-70CE Romans fought war with
Jews
T/F Paul was a roman citizen
T
Rome won 3 Punic wars against
Carthaginians
Sulla and Marius
were generals in a civil war in 1st century BCE
Historian Tacitus
critizied peace of Augustus for toleration of corruption
T/F Julius Caesar did not name himself first Roman emperor
T
Year 600CE epidemic diseases caused Mediterranean and CHinese populations to fall by
a quarter
ST. Augustine
tried to reconcile Christianity with Platonism
after collapse of western Roman empire, imperial authority went to
Byzantine
Desert that means he who enters does not come back out
Talklamakan
Collapse in political order of Han empire Buddhism and Daoism
became more popular
Popes won supreme control over their church because
their claim to be spiritural descendants of St Peter and their positions as bishops of original imperial capital of ROme
Hinduism was spread
by merhcants into Southeast Asia
Byzantium emperors owed some fo their power to
their leadership fo chruch affairs
Justinians efforts to recoqnuer western Roman Empire was
temporarily achieved
Byzantium's major advantage was
strategic positon on the Bosporous
official language of Constantinople became
Greek
in effort to asnwer Arians Constantine rbought together elading churchmen at hte COucnil of
Nicaea
Russians began to think Moscow as
third rome
Justinian did not
take back permanently what Goths had conquered in western EUrope
mixture of secular and religeous authority
caesaropapism
mixture of secular and religeous authority
caesaropapism
mixture of secular and religeous authority
caesaropapism
Byzantium became mediterranean's leading producer of
silk
Byzantium became mediterranean's leading producer of
silk
Aryans maintained order by
caste system
Aryans maintained order by
caste system
Early indian literarture
sets forth expectations that women must be subservient to men
Early indian literarture
sets forth expectations that women must be subservient to men
Byzantium became mediterranean's leading producer of
silk
Dravidians contributed
elements to a new mixed culture
Aryans maintained order by
caste system
Dravidians contributed
elements to a new mixed culture
Early indian literarture
sets forth expectations that women must be subservient to men
distinctive Indian beleif was
the rebirth of souls in new bodies
distinctive Indian beleif was
the rebirth of souls in new bodies
Early Indian civilization that vanished
Harrapan
Early Indian civilization that vanished
Harrapan
Artifacts indicate that Harrapans traded wtih
Mesopotamia
Dravidians contributed
elements to a new mixed culture
Artifacts indicate that Harrapans traded wtih
Mesopotamia
distinctive Indian beleif was
the rebirth of souls in new bodies
Aryan religeon emphasised
ritual sacrifices
Early Indian civilization that vanished
Harrapan
Aryan religeon emphasised
ritual sacrifices
Indian writing originally oral
Vedas
Minoan civilization centered on
Crete
Indian writing originally oral
Vedas
Artifacts indicate that Harrapans traded wtih
Mesopotamia
Minoan civilization centered on
Crete
Aryan religeon emphasised
ritual sacrifices
Describe Greece before Alexander
collection of diverse and indpendent poleis
Describe Greece before Alexander
collection of diverse and indpendent poleis
who were afraid of upsrisings by serfs known as helots?
Mycenaeans
Indian writing originally oral
Vedas
Pelopennisan War fought between
Greeks and Macedonians
Minoan civilization centered on
Crete
who were afraid of upsrisings by serfs known as helots?
Mycenaeans
in an excerpt from an arrian on Alexander, the author
defended and praised Alexander
Pelopennisan War fought between
Greeks and Macedonians
in an excerpt from an arrian on Alexander, the author
defended and praised Alexander
Describe Greece before Alexander
collection of diverse and indpendent poleis
who were afraid of upsrisings by serfs known as helots?
Mycenaeans
Pelopennisan War fought between
Greeks and Macedonians
in an excerpt from an arrian on Alexander, the author
defended and praised Alexander