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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
keratin
protein that provides skin with waterproofing properties
albinism
absence of normal pigmentation
corium
another name for the dermis
mast cells
cells that respond to insult by producing histamine and heparin
hypodermis / subcutaneous
area deep to the dermis and made of connective tissue
sudoriferous
sweat glands
adipoytes
cells that produce lipids
apocrine glands
glands that secrete a strong-smelling substance into the hair follicles
eccrine glands
sweat glands; produce water, salt, and secrete waste
hidrosis
normal production and excretion of sweat
anhidrosis
abnormal reduction of sweating
cermuminous
modified sweat glands located in the ear canal
trich/o
hair
pil/o
hair
pil/i
hair
piloerection
condition of the hair standing straight up
digitigrade
animals that walk on their toes (only digital / metacarpal / metatarsal pads touch ground)
plantigrade
animals that have a well developed foot pad (all bones touch ground when walking)
periople
in the equine hoof, a flaky tissue band located at the coronary band and hoof wall junction

extends distally and widens go cover the bulb of the heel
quick
the connective tissue dermis inside of the nail
onych/o
combining form for claw
dewclaws
rudimentary bones

digit #1 in dogs
digits #2 and #5 in cloven hoofed animals
polled
naturally hornless breeds
velvet
skin that initially covers antlers
skin scrape
microscopic examination of the skin to detect mites

scrape with a scalpel blade ensuring skin is lifted
intradermal skin testing
injection of test substances into the skin layer to observe a reaction

used to diagnose atopy or tuberculosis
atopy
hypersensitivity reaction in animals involving pruritis with secondary dermatitis

also called allergies or allergic dermatitis
seborrhea
skin condition characterized by overproduction of sebum (oil)
sebaceous cyst
closed sac of yellow, fatty material
nodule
small knot protruding above the skin
wheal
smooth, slightly raised swollen area that itches
ecchymosis
purpilish non-elevated patch of bleeding into the skin; a bruise
petechiae
small, pinpoint hemmorhages
fistula
abnormal passage from an internal organ to the body surface or between two internal organs
keratosis
abnormal condition of epidermal overgrowth and thickening
dermatosis
abnormal skin condition
urticaria
localized areas of swelling that itch; hives
erythema
skin redness
erythematous
pertaining to redness
cellulitis
inflammation of the connective tissue

may be diffuse (widespread)
or localized (in defined area)
dermatomycosis
abnormal skin condition caused by superficial fungus; also called dermatophycosis
gangrene
necrosis associated with loss of circulation
eosinophilic granuloma complex
collective name for autoimmune lesion of eosinophilic ulcer, eosinophilic plaque, and linear granuloma found in cats, rarely in dogs

affects the skin, mucocutaneous junctions, and oral mucosa; involves raised, ulcerated plaques
rodent ulcer
another name for eosinophilic granuloma complex
feline military dermatitis
skin disease of cats in which multiple crusts and bumps are present predominantly on the dorsum; multiple causes
acute moist dermatitis
"hot spot"
bacterial skin disease that is worsened by licking and scratching
puppy strangles
juvenile pyroderma; skin disease that progresses to a systemic

causes fever, anorexia, enlarged and abscessing lymphnodes
pruritis
itching
vibrissae
whiskers