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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
gilded age
term by mark twain,superficial glitter of new weath evident in late 19th cent.politics mostly for show&no concern/action for industry/commercial issues
solid south
solidly dem.until mid 20th cent
roscoe conkling
rep.senator in NY dictated who in repub.ranks would hold lucrative jobs in NY custom house.him&supports know as stalwarts
/halfbreeds/mugwumps
rivals of roscoe conkling and suports called halfbreeds led by james G.blaine. repubs not playing patronage called mugwumps for sitting on the fence
james garfield
election 1880,repub.
chester a arthur
vp under garfield.distanced from stalwarts,support bill reforming civil service,approved dvlpmnt of navy
thomas reid
sharp-tounged bully became speaker of the house in 1890,inst.autocratic rule took years to break
james g blaine
turned repub.prty from antislavery to business minded,but connect.w/ rlrd scandals & corrupt deals
grover cleveland
dem.nominee,honest,frugal,conscienctious.father illegtmt child,
Rum,romanism,rebellion
dem.party name during clevelands campaign.catholics offended and voted grover into office
pendleton act
fed jobs granted based on test scores,ban civil servnts from helping politicaly,expanded to most fed.jobs taken from hands of politicians
greenback party
supporters of money not backed by specie to pay for civil war,received 1 mill votes,14 membrs in congress.died out after hard times ended
james B weaver
elected to congress as greenback candidate.
crime of 1873
congress stopped coining of silver.
bland-allison act1878
after silver finds in Nv,law passed allow coinage of $2-4 mill ea/mo.
benjamin harrison
won election1888,upon repub.campaign of high tariffs.won major votes in electoral college by votes in N.
billion dollar congress
repubs.controlled pres&congress.passed 1st billion dollar budget in U.S. history
Mckinley tariff
^ tax on foreign products over 48%
veteran pensions
^ pensions to vets,widows,children
sherman silver purchase act
^ coinage of silver,but too small amts to satisfy farmers/miners
populist(ppl)party
determined to resolve money in hands of few by trusts/bankers.
omaha platform
platform of pples party,politicaly-demanded restore of gvmnt in hands of pple by 1)direct popular election of senators 2)ST laws by voters put i ballots.Economically-1)unlimit coin.of silver to ^ $ supply 2)grad.income tax 3)pub.ownng of rlrds by gvmnt 4)telegraph/phones operated by gvmnt 5)loans for farmers to stabilize price for crops 6)8 hr wrkdy
panic1893
stock market crashed by overspeculation,rlrds went bankruopt by overbuilding.4 yr long.pres.cleveland adopted hands off policy to economy
gold drain
decline in silver price had investors trade silver dollars for gold bars.gold reserve fell low,cleveland borrowd $65mill to support dollar& gold stndrd
coxey's army
march to washgntn by thousands of unemployed led by populist jacob coxey, demanded fed.gvmnt make new jobs.arrested for trespassing & sent home
will harvey,coin's financial school
taught that troubles caused by conspiracy of rich bankers, prosperity would return if gvmnt unlimit silver coinage
will jennings bryan,"cross of gold"
cross of gold speech made him dem.nominee overnight
free silver
populist prty nominated bryan and campaing of free silver.
gold bug dems.
conservative faction of dems.
will mckinley
repub.nominee,known support of high protective tariff.
mark hanna
$ pwr behind mckinleys nomination.
dingley tarriff 1897
repubs.enact a higher tariff in honor of mckinleys platform and made gold standard of U.S money