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44 Cards in this Set

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Washington's Cabinet
WASHINGTON = FEDERALIST

Secretary of State- (foreign affairs) Jefferson > Antifed

Secretary of the Treasury- Hamilton

Secretary of War- Henry Knox
Hamilton's Financial Ideals
No one will talke US seriously until war debts are paid off

> Wants to fulfill Gov. savings bonds
>Feds- Yes : Antifeds- No
>Hamilton & Jefferson Disagree
>COMPROMISE: Government assumes state debts BUT capital is moved to Washington DC
First Political Parties
HAMILTONIANS & JEFFERSONIANS
Hamiltonians- BELIEFS
FEDERALISTS
Strong central government
Ruled by aristocracy
Business
LOOSE interpretation of the constitution
England's way
Abolition
PRO- Federal Army
Jeffersonians- BELIEFS
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS
Weak central government, power to states
Ruled by commoners/ educated
Agriculture
STRICT interpretation of the constitution
France's way
Slavery
ANTI- Standing Army
Hamilton's Financial Plan
Milions of dollars in debt

-- Excise Revenue (Luxury Tax) on whiskey to pay off debts
Whiskey Rebellion
-High Whiskey taxes enrage frontiersman in the West
-Moonshine: Illegal liquor
-WHISKEY REBELLION: 1794
Quelled by Federal Army
Hamilton's Bank of the US
South opposes
-> Hamilton sponsors it anyway
Constitutional because of ELASTIC CLAUSE

Jefferson: Support of the B.U.S is TREASON
George Washington- Foreign Policy
Isolation
NEUTRALITY ACT (1793)- made after France attempts to make an alliance.

Stay out of BRITAIN AND FRANCE SOAP OPERA
Jay Treaty
John Jay- First supreme court justice.

JAY TREATY (1794) with England- Removes British troops from American Northwest. Did nothign for impressment
Gave Britatin 'Most Favored Nation' Status

Angered Jeffersonians
Impressment
British capture people off American ships for Army.
Pinckney Treaty
1795
Spain threated by the ties between US, Britatin & France created by JAY TREATY

--> gives the US free navigation of the Mississipi River and right to trade at New Orleans
George Washington's Farewell Address- 1776
Neutrality/ Noninvolvement
Election of 1796
Jefferson (dem.) vs. Adams (fed)

Adams wins by a small margin.
Jefferson becomes vice president.
The Adams Administration: Years
1797-1801
XYZ Affair
French- angered by Jay Treaty
insult US envoys by charging to see French officials
John Marshall goes to France
John Adams refuses
Undeclared War
Under Adams
Hamilton is put in charge of war

Jefferson still supports France
--> In favor of Citizen Genet- who plots against Great Britain
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)
Federalist paranoia of immigrants

ALIEN ACTS- President can deport whoever he wants

SEDITION ACTS- Imprison those who say false or malicious statements against the government. < VIOLATE BASIC RIGHTS- Adam is acting as if the country is at war
The Great Race
Federalist influence declines steadily but remains existant untiul 1798
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
1798
Democratic Republicans DENOUNCE Federalist Administration

Written by Jefferson & Madison.

"States Rights Theory of Government"- State legistlatures should be able to declare laws of congress null & void
End of the Undeclared War
France- Directory & Napoleon
Washignton Dies
Federalists lose icon
Hamilton loses support for federal Army
Frees his slaves from his deathbed
Election of 1800
Adams (Fed) vs. Jefferson & Burr (Dem-Rep)

Error of constitution causes Jefferson & Burr to tie, goes to House of Reps (federalist) who almost elect Burr, but JEFFERSON BECOMES PRESIDENT with certain Federalist terms.
Federalist terms for election of Jefferson
-Dem Republicans can't meddle with financial systems
-Foreign policy must remain neutral
-Navy would be preserved & increased
-Federalists would retain positions
Hamilton vs. Burr
Hamilton calls Burr 'despicable'
Burr challenges Hamilton to an "Interview" (duel)
Meet in NJ
Hamilton wastes shot
Burr fatally shoots Hamilton
Cure for problem w/ Constitution that allows 2nd place candidate to become VP
12th Ammendment-
President & vice president specified on a "ticket" on election day
Louisiana Purchase
Napoleon Bonaparte no longer needs overseads empire

LOUSIANA PURCHASE (1803)US doubles in size
Jefferson's Hypocracy
Originally Jefferson is Democratic Republican.

To acquire Lousiana Pruchase-
needs treaty
loose interpretation of constitution
strong central government
national bank
(FEDERALIST INSTITUTIONS)
Louis & Clarke
Explore Louisiana Purchase
Pirates
Jefferson sends gun boats to Tripoli, where British are encouraging piracy of American boats headed to French ports

Jefferson sends gun-boats
EMBARGO ACT
1807
Trading with Britain OR France will cause the other to take action
Prohibits Americans from exporting to foreign countries so as not to anger Britain or France
Northern dissatisfaction leads to its repeal
Macon's Bill #2 and Nonintercours ease restrictions
Election of 1808
Madison, Democratic Republican
War of 1812
British impressment of American ships
America wants to colonize Canada and Florida
Frustration at British restricting US from trading w/ France

HAWKS pro-war DOVES anti-war
Hartford Convention
Federalist convention
Anti War
British Burn the Capital
1814
Dolly Madison saves the documents
Combat
Francis Scott Key
The Battle of New Orleans
"Old Hickory" Andrew Jackson
Treaty of Ghent (1814) ends the war
Results of War of 1812
Incresed Nationalism
Decreased Isolation
Increased industrial manufacturing
Disappearance of the Federalist Party
Only 1 Part: Republicans
Andrew Clay
"American System"

Make the US economically self-sufficient (by raising tariffs)
Elections of 1816 and 1820
One party election
MONROE
Monroe Doctrine
1823
If countries try to colonize America, we will fight them.

Teams up with England to ensure no countries will colonize because US is to weak to defend itsself.
Judiciary Act of 1789
Gives the supreme court power to issue a writ of mandamus- court order
Marbury vs Madison
Marbury, appt'd at the end of Adams (fed) administration, wants Marshall to issue a writ of Mandamus forcing Jefferson (dem-rep) to give him commission.

RULING: Judiciary Act of 1789 contradicts part of constitution that defines what cases can go to supreme court. STRIKES DOWN the act, implicating the concept of

JUDICIAL REVIEW
McCullough v. Maryland
Marshall rules that a national bank branch can't be taxed by Maryland.
Reaffirms impied powers that created the bank.
Order of first 5 US Presidents
Washington
Adams
Jefferson
Madison
Monroe